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Torrent Archives - Malik Softs

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OZ 1

January

Richard Neville

Editor: Richard Neville. Assistant Editor: Paul Lawson. Design: Jon Goodchild. Art Direction: Martin Sharp. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Editorial Board: Peter Ledeboer, Martin Robertson. Contributors, Etc: Andrew Fisher, Mike Newman, Martin Seymour-Smith, Chester, David Reynolds, David Widgery, Alan Munton,Matt Connelly, Stan Davies, Terry Bunton, Malcom Hincliffe, and the lovely Louise. 'London OZ' is published by OZ Publications Ink Limited, 70 Clarendon Road, London, W

Content: Theological Striptease cover. Turn on, tune in, drop dead. Why New Torrent Archives - Malik Softs editor Paul Johnson is so bloody successful, In Bed with the English — Germaine Greer analyses the English man, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, LBJ playmate foldout, ‘Madonna of the Napalm’ poster, Colin MacInnes on Michael X, Private Eye-the death, David Widgery denounces the paper for having succumbed to establishment celebrities.

  • OZ 2 by Richard Neville

    OZ 2

    March

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Harry Youlden. Art Direction: Martin Sharp. Contributors, Etc: Andrew Fisher, David Reynolds, Dr. Herod Peron, Germaine Greer. Advertising: Ian Stocks, & Louise.

    Content: Bite Sized Oz! Monster Posters! Martin Sharp Toad of Whitehall poster with reverse cut-out ‘Image Seekers’ parody. ‘Shut That Guy Up!’ – Mark Lane on the cover up at the BBC over Warren Commission/Kennedy. Letters including reader willing to have sex with Germaine Greer. Day by dreary day. Martin Sharp ‘Direct from Nirvana Frisco Speaks’ cartoon. ‘British Breasts’—Germaine Greer analyses breasts and bras (+competition to find the best). Amphetamines, where to score in London, prices and dealers. Metamorphoses poem by Peter Porter + graphics. ‘Little Malcolm and His Struggle Against the 20th Century’ - interview with Malcolm Muggeridge + Martin Sharp cartoon. Detourned romance strip. ‘A Work of Art’ by Elizabeth Smart. ‘No, Sir, When a Man is Tired of London, He is Tired of Life’ - David Widgery on the London scene. Playmate of the Month (Toad Wilson of Whitehall) text.

  • OZ 3 by Richard Neville

    OZ 3

    May

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Assistant Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Art: Martin Sharp. Contributors, Etc: Andrew Fisher, David Reynolds & Louise. London OZ is published by OZ Publications Ink Limited, 40 Anhalt Road, London, W

    Content: Mona Lisa cover. Mike McInney cartoon/article. Merry Pranksters and Acid Tests. Timothy Leary Playboy interview. Will the real Frodo Baggins please stand up? 2 page naked girl sitting on toilet/parliament. An address to politicians-pop-drugs. Protest Postcards to politicians. Colin MacInnes ‘In Praise of Ugliness’. Yoko Ono film protest. 3 page Martin Sharp foldout What Beautiful Eyes She Has with Revlon Invents Wet Lipstick on the reverse.

  • OZ 4 by Richard Neville

    OZ 4

    June

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Nevile. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Advertising: lan Stocks. Design: Jon Goodchild. Art : Martin Sharp. Staff: Andrew Fisher, Robert Whittaker, David Reynolds, Louise.

    Content: Gold quadruple cover by Michael English. Insert: Oz sheet No. 1, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Martin Sharp graphics and tarot cards on reverse of poster. Letter from John Calder & letter/report on man who challenged Germaine Greer’s statements about British men. Full page Head Shop/posters ad. ‘Sgt Nasser’s Lonely Heartbreak Band’ – graphic Nasser/Peppers parody. Martin Sharp ‘Norman Normal’ strip. Ad for Cream’s ‘Tales of Brave Ulysses’. ‘Hamlet: I say, we will have no more marriages. Ophelia: but dahling, mommy’s already sent out the invitations’ - Hippy weddings and Guide to Living in Sin. Torrent Archives - Malik Softs did Svetlana’s Old Man Marry Anyway?’ - Polly Toynbee on Russian Puritanism. ‘Candy is dandy Liquor is quicker Penguins are pink But don’t tell the vicar’ - Penguin books. Snakes & Snakes – a lovely game for courting couples. ‘Let Him Die Quickly’ - Angelo Quattrocchi on De Gaulle + graphic. Jehovah Christ Lucifer — Henrietta Moraes on The Process (de Grimston). ‘Changes’ photo and text, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Martin Sharp ‘Welcome Sir Frisco’ text + graphic. ‘Twinkle Twinkle’ & ‘Egypt Tarot Predicted an Israeli Victory. Avoid Your Disaster…’ - astrology & tarot.

  • OZ 5 by Richard Neville

    OZ 5

    July

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Nevile. Assistant Editor: Paul Lawson. Writers: Martin Sharp, Tevor Smith, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Jon Goodchild. Photograph: Bob Whitaker. Production: Peter Ledeboer, lan Stocks, Louise.

    Content: Plant a Flower-Child - Martin Sharp / Bob Whitaker poster with The Truth About the Great Alf Conspiracy on the reverse.

  • OZ 6 by Richard Neville and John Wilcock

    OZ 6

    August

    Richard Neville and John Wilcock

    Editor: Richard Neville & John Wilcock. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Art: Martin Sharp. Staff: Andrew Fisher, Ian Stocks Newman, David Reynolds, Louise.

    Content: Other Scenes issue, Martin Sharp cover. Produced by John Wilcock of Other Scenes. Michael X photo, R. Cobb graphic. Blue Films by the Yard – obscenity & Scotland Yard. Image – In Memorium Rene Magritte. ‘What Does Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Need Most?’. ‘The King and His Coca Cola Court’ - Richard Neville on Nepal. 1p Ray Leong photo of man chained to chair. ‘Dope Sheet’ - 2 pages on drugs by Chester Anderson. Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Peel interview by David Phillips & Michael Gray. Letter from a Greek prison. ‘Jagger Saga’ on the Stones’ bust. Michael Tausig on R.D. Laing. Underground Television by Sheldon Renan. Pop lyric collage by Ben Carruthers. ‘The Pornb£oker’ - Anthony Haden-Guest on Maurice Girodias. Rosetalk – hippy language parody + graphics. ‘Leary in Disneyland’ by David Widgery. Snareart’ by Daniel Sporri. Picasso’s Play at St Tropez - Jean-Jacques Lebel. 2p Hama ‘Displacement’ cartoon. Marshall McLuhan’s Kingdom – 2p+ critique of McLuhan + graphics + Sphere ad for Understanding Media. IT ad. Release ad. OZ free back copies subscription ad. Back cover Other Scenes & OZ photomontage featuring Michael X.

  • OZ 7 by Richard Neville

    OZ 7

    October

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Art: Martin Sharp. Staff: Andrew Fisher, Ian Stocks Newman, David Reynolds, Louise.

    Contents: Angello Quattrochi - ‘Wog Beach Shock’ + graphics. ‘What’s So Good About Dylan?’: An Attempt at Analysis by Michael Gray 6p+ with graphics and transcription of ‘Song to Woody’. Nov 1st National Drop-Out Day ad. Other Scenes by John Wilcock. ‘Cock Up Spaniels’ by David Widgery. ‘Michael X and the Flower Children’ interview + photos by Horace Ove + notes from Malik’s pre-trial. 2p ‘Nothing But Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Children’ photostrip. ‘In Bed With the Americans’ by Polly Peachum. Film ad for How I Won the War. Ad for Penthouse and its “5,word celebration of hippiedom” (this issue’s editorial notes a “reciprocal advertising arrangement with Penthouse” and condemns the fact that the OZ ad was censored because “Penthouse has exclusive rights to British obscenity”). IT subscription. Ad for The Mothers’ Freakout. ‘Blueprint for a Beautiful Community’ by John Wilcock. The Science of Being and Art of Living by His Holiness Maharishi Mahesh Yogi reviewed, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. 2p ‘Delusions’ cartoon by Hama. Back cover: ‘Had a Good Holiday?’ - Andrew Fisher’s indictment of sunbathing + Medusa graphic.

  • OZ 8 by Richard Neville

    OZ 8

    January

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Art: Martin Sharp. Staff: Andrew Fisher, Ian Stocks Newman, David Reynolds, Louise.

    Content: Louise Ferrier comic cover, (insert: Yoko Ono Film No.4 ad. for the Saville Theatre, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, with photo of 14hr. Technicolour Dream event; infamous mis-spelt Che Guevara poster with psychedelic While Dad’s Away, Mum Will Play poster on reverse) ‘The Circus is in Town’ - Martin Sharp Graphics. ‘Jessie in Kinseyland’. ‘Ozmosis’. R. L. cartoon. 1p+ Objet trouve - cigarette card National Types of Beauty, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Forum ad. Oz subscription ad with Beardsley graphics. ‘Russia, You Have Bread, But No Roses’ - Angelo Quattrocchi on the Russian Revolution. London Magazine ad. Albert E. Kahn’s Smetana and the Beetles ad. IT subscription form. ‘The Stones, the Beatles, and Spyder Turner’s Raunch Epistemology’ by Richard Meltzer. ‘Image as Language’ ad. Other Scenes reviews Regis Debray’s Revolution in the Revolution. ‘Underground Confidential: World Wide Exclusive’ by Andy Warhol. ‘Think Sideways win £’ by Torrent Archives - Malik Softs de Bono. Michael St John ‘Epilogue’. Critique of Michael X, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Playboy Club News page. 2p ‘Freelancer’ cartoon. Bulletin #12 from the Psychedelic Information Centre. Carpet Bazaar ad. ‘In Memorium Homo Sapiens Extinct’ back cover graphic.

  • OZ 9 by Richard Neville

    OZ 9

    February

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Business Manager: Peter Ledeboer. Design: Jon Goodchild. Photography: Robert Whitaker. Art: Martin Sharp. Staff: Andrew Fisher, Ian Stocks Newman, David Reynolds, Louise.

    Content: Martin Sharp Flying Saucer cover, Dylan ‘song poems new stuff “FREEZE-OUT”’ - transcribed lyrics for ‘The Million Dollar Bash’, ‘Tiny Montgomery Says Hello’, ‘I see My Life Come Shining’ (sic) & ‘Crash on the Levee’. Ozmosis. ‘Blow-Up!’ – the Kennedy assassination and the ‘Moorman photo’. ‘The Digger Thing is Your Thing…’ call for a British Digger movement. Che Guevara montage. IT subscription ad. Letter from Michael X. Angelo Quattrochi’s open letter to Fidel Castro. Martin Sharp ‘If I Could Turn You On’ graphic. 7p Flying Saucer Digest + graphics + Martin Sharp cartoon. Flying Saucer Review ad. ’A Healthy Mind in a…’ – Julian Manyon on schools. Big O Posters full page ad. ‘Devaluation Trilogy’ - David Widgery on Georg Buchner, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. R. Cobb modern Americans/dead natives cartoon. Geuvara/Guevara apology. A handout from The Antiuniversity of London + Bob Whitaker photo. Liberation News Service + montage/cartoon. Neil Oram photo/poem.

  • OZ 10 by Richard Neville

    OZ 10

    March

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville, Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson, Design Jon Goodchild assisted by Virginia Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Research Consultant: Andrew Fisher, Advertising and Subscriptions: Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Ferrier, Pusher: Felix Dennis, Photography: Keith Morris, Contributions: Martin Sharp, David Widgery, David Reynolds, Barry Craddock, Lynn Richards.

    Content: 2p inside cover Incinderjell photomontage by Dow Corp. Martin Sharp cartoons run along bottom of most of the issue; also Situationist illustrations (special - cut each page into 3 strips for thousands of variations issue). Peace News, Arts Lab & AntiUniversity of London ads. ‘The Men Who Ban OZ’ - and banned books. ‘Justice & Violence in Armed Conflict’ by Andrew Fisher. Justice & Violence in Athens and Arkansas ‘ War comic strips/real war photos juxtaposed. Barry Craddock ‘Presidential Elections’ centerfold cartoon. The Running Man’ ad. Response to ‘The Digger Thing’ in issue #9 and call for a forum. Roger McGough full page poem ‘Summer with the Monarch’ + photo. Underground ‘Conversation’/manifesto. Adrian Mitchell on Vietnam. IT subscription form. Splash Posters ad.

  • OZ 11 by Richard Neville

    OZ 11

    April

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson Design: Jon Goodchild assisted by Virginia Clive-Smith Advertising: John Leaver c/o OZ Art: Martin Sharp Writers: Andrew Fisher, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi Subscriptions: Louise Ferrier Pusher: Felix Dennis.

    Contents: ‘The Meat Pack’ by Anthony Haden-Guest and Norman Rubington. ‘Black Power’ letter. Middle Earth and London Anti-University ads. Full page Big O Posters ad. ‘Vote, Vote, Vote, For Whoever You Like’ – mobilization for an international Yippie mock election by Jerry Rubin. ‘The Anglo American Pumice Factory’ by Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Meltzer. Dr Hip ocrates. Martin Sharp’s ‘Vietloon’ text/montage. ‘Fading Freedoms/Latent Fascisms & Hippie High Hopes’ part 1 by Raymond Durgnat. ‘Yesterday I Subscribed to the New Statesman, Today I am Just, Reasonable, Good, & Dead’ + letters. ‘Hippy’ cartoon. Martin Sharp - Ringo graphic. Willem cartoons. Oz subscription page.

  • OZ 12 by Richard Neville

    OZ 12

    May

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Design: Jon Goodchild assisted by Virginia Clive-Smith. Art: Martin Sharp. Pull-out sheets: David Wills / Colin Fulcher. Advertising: John Leaver. Writers: Andrew Fisher, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi, John Wilcock. Photography: Keith Morris. Pushers: Felix Dennis & Louis Ferrier.

    Contents: Centrefold hippy girl. ‘Fading Freedoms/Latent Fascisms’ part 2 by Raymond Durgnat. Racism in the UK — Excuse Me, Is That the Way to the Gas Chambers? Letter from Rishikesh (Maharishi camp). Outer cover poster: Martin Sharp graphics, Incredible String Torrent Archives - Malik Softs ad, Existence is Unhappiness and Desire Can Be Destroyed Oz benefit.

  • OZ 13 by Richard Neville

    OZ 13

    June

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville, Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson, Design: Jon Goodchild assisted by Felix Dennis, Art: Martin Sharp and Virginia Clive-Smith, Advertising: John Leaver, Writers: Andrew Fisher, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi, John Wilcock, Dave Phillips & Nigel Fountain, Photography: Kei;h Morris, Pushers: Felix Dennis and Louise Ferrier.

    Content: Quadruple ‘Catherine and the Wheel of Fire’ poster with Big O Posters ad on reverse. Martin Sharp and Johnny Hurford Legalise Pot Rally graphic on the internal front cover. ‘We Need you Cohn-Bendit’ letter. Eva. The Fugs. Jean-Jacques Lebel. John Wilcock’s Other Scenes. IT subscription form. ‘Agit Oz’ - revolutionary quotes, chart + graphics. ‘When Harrods is Looted’ by David Widgery. 2p ‘Hubert Sanguine’ graphic by Andrew Fisher & David Spode. ‘The Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Revolution’ and ‘Philistine’s Tears – Nectar of the Gods’ by Angelo Quattrocchi. Oz Night – the Nice ad. OZ subscription/back issue page. Graffiti Transcriptions from Dylan’s Don’t Look Back. Incredible String Band ad. ‘Smokeless Interzone’ by Michael Horovitz. Ozmosis – ‘We clothe every child in napalm’ by Paul Lawson, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘The Alf-Back’ - the Queen in Australia. ‘Kubrick’s A Space Odyssey - The Worst Trip Ever’ by Tom Nairn.

  • OZ 14 by Paul Lawson

    OZ 14

    July

    Paul Lawson

    Editor: Paul Lawson. Design: Rick Cuff / Paul Lawson. Photography: Keith Morris / Steve Dwoskin. Advertising: John Leaver. Oz Workers Co-op: Jenny Crowe, Pauline Carter, Tim Epps, Andrew Fisher, Richard Neville, Mazin Zeki Merge Reagan, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Pusher: Anou.

    Contents: The Doors Waiting For the Sun and Roundhouse appearance ad. Berke’s Bourgeoise – a Lexicon compiled by Joe Berke. Soldiers with decapitated men photo – ‘Where We’re At’. ‘Trip Without a Ticket’ – 4p on the Diggers. ‘Towards the New Synthesis’ by Herman Kahn. Dr Hip Ocrates. “Ensure Confusion – every OZ is different” editorial, subscription & back issues. Peace News, Apple (a small ad that appears twice), Deviants, Time Out and Dr Alan Cohen lecture tour ads, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Full page Martin Sharp cartoon strip. Full page Apple ad with text by Miles. ‘Fading Freedoms/Latent Fascisms’ part 3 by Raymond Durgnat. IT subscription form. ‘The Yellow-on-Orange-Press’ by Sheldon Williams. ‘Anti-U’ – the London Anti-University by Alan Krebs. ‘Anti-U2’ by Bill Mason. Ad for the Institute of Phenomenological Studies Dialectics of Liberation LP recordings. ‘3rd World’ – Norodom Sihanouk on Cambodia. ‘The Hair of Fabian Douglas’ – a 5p tale from ‘The Alf-Back’ by Neil Douglas about a boy expelled from an Australian school for having long hair. ‘Law & Order & Justice ho ho!’ a documentary about colour prejudice in the police Torrent Archives - Malik Softs with credits to the BBC, Black Dwarf & Black Panthers. Viva Che! Lorrimer Publishing ad. The Electric Circus – devoted to the environment with an ‘Octahedron House’ cut-out plan. ‘1+1 +J-LG’ 2 or 3 tapes of a press conference with Jean-Luc Godard. Jefferson Airplane pic & ideal LP compilation by John Leaver. MGM Records ad. ‘Czechs Told’ by Richard Deutscher, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Chicago’ - Eugene Schonfield on Yippies and demos.

  • OZ 15 by Richard Neville

    OZ 15

    September

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Deputy Editor: Paul Lawson. Design: Jon Goodchild. Writers: Andrew Fisher, Ray Durgnat, Germaine, Tom Nairn, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi. Artists: Martin Sharp, Rick Cuff, Michael English, Larry Smart, Vytas Serelis, John Hurford. Photography: Keith Morris. Typesetting: Jacky Ephgrave, courtesy Thom Keyes. Pushers: Louise Ferrier, Felix Dennis, Anou.

    Contents: Letter from Clive James. Martin Sharp cartoons. Germaine Greer’s ‘Flip Top Legal Pot’. IT subscription ad. ‘I Can’t Escape My Passion Drives: Confessions of a Suburban Wife’. ‘Dreaming of a Red Christmas’ by David Widgery, Martin Sharp graphic/collage. Oz back issues with cover images. ‘Barricades Around the Small Screen’ - Wayland Brown on TV. ‘Mr Ripper’s Dirty Books’-obscene publications. Interview with Allen Cohen about Meher Baba. Michael English illustration & C. Logue poem. ‘Continuity & Discontinuity’ by Edward de Bono, ‘The State of American Protest’ by Peter Buckman. Transcription of the Stones’ ‘Street Fighting Man’ and ‘Jigsaw Puzzle’ + photo. BFI report confidential, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. 2p Hippy graphics. ‘Down on the Farm’ - communalism by Emmanuel Petrakis. Martin Sharp’s Electric Circus Exploding Hendrix graphic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Rock Aesthetics’ by Richard Meltzer. ‘Support your Local Police’ by Tom Nairn.

  • OZ 16 - The Magic Theatre by Richard Neville and Martin Sharp

    OZ 16 - The Magic Theatre

    November

    Richard Neville and Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Sharp

    The Magic Theatre refers to Hermann Hesse’s novel Steppenwolf, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, “Entrance not for everybody. Price of admittance, your mind and 3 shillings”. Robert Hughes, author of The Shock of the New, said of this issue, “Sharp has assembled one of the richest banks of images that has ever appeared in a magazine”. The next issue of Oz described OZ 16 thus: “Sharp and Von Mora invite you to the Magic Theatre. Mixed media non copy. The worst selling most praised Oz ever”.

  • OZ 17 by Richard Neville

    OZ 17

    December

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville. Design: Jon Goodchild. Writers: Andrew Fisher, Ray Durgnat, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Stocks. Artists: Martin Sharp, John Hurford, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Phillipe von Mora. Photography: Keith Morris Advertising: Felix Dennis, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, REN Typesetting: Jacky Ephgrave, courtesy Thom Keyes. Pushers: Louise Ferrier, Felix Dennis, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Anou. This issue produced by Andrew Fisher.

    Content: Louise Ferrier colour back issue/subscription page. Anti-war montage. ‘Counter-Authority’ by Peter Buckman. ‘The Half Remarkable Question’ - Incredible String Band lyric and 2p illustration by Johnny Hurford. Martin Sharp graphics. Flypower. Poverty Cooking by Felix and Anson. ‘The Year of the Frog’ by Jule Sachon. ‘Guru to the World’ - John Wilcock in India. ‘We do everything for them…’ - Rupert Anderson on homelessness. Dr Hipocrates (including ‘inflation’ letter featured in Playpower). Homosexuality & the law. David Ramsay Steele on the abolition of Money. ‘Over and Under’ by David Widgery – meditations on cultural politics and Jeff Nuttall’s Bomb Culture. A Black bill of rights – LONG LIVE THE EAGLES! ‘Ho! Ho! Ho Chi Mall’ - the ethos of the ICA. Graphic from Nottingham University. Greek Gaols. Ads for Time Out and John & Yoko’s Two Virgins. Cream/Clapton. Interview with Manfred Mann. Deviants LP review by Felix Dennis. ‘Why Isn’t London Jumping’ by Geoffrey Cannon. James Taylor ad and ads for & review of Tiny Tim’s You Are What You Eat.

  • OZ 18 by Richard Neville

    OZ 18

    February

    Richard Neville

    This issue edited by Andrew Fisher. Editor: Richard Neville. Design: Jon Goodchild. Writers: Andrew Fisher, Ray Durgnat, Germaine, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi, Fletcher Watkins. Mozic: Felix Dennis. Research: Jim Anderson. Artists: Martin Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Bob Hook, John Hurford, Don Heywood, Phillipe von Mora. Photography: Keith Morris. Advertising: Felix Dennis REN Typesetting: Jacky Lawton, courtesy, Thom Keyes. Pushers: Louise Ferrier, Bridgid Harrison, Cosi Pavalko.

    Contents: Fold-out tabloid format, Crumb ‘Fingerlickin’ Good’ cover. Struggling / dancing woman on inside cover. Andy Warhol interview, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Summer Solstice poem. ‘Eldridge Cleaver Welcome Here’ photo. Private Eye ad. ‘Emergency Yippie Report’ by Jerry Rubin & Friends. Revolutionary Militant Student ad. Rules for the Black Panther Party. Michael X. Angelfood McSpade Robert Crumb cartoon. ‘How to Commit Revolution in Corporate America – and in Corporate Britain’ part 1 by G. William Domhoff. The Soft Machine interview by Michael Broome and Mary Moore and Joseph Strick film rumours. MGM Records ad. Middle Earth/Roundhouse ad. ‘The MC5 Kick Out the Jams!’ LP reviews: Buddy Miles, Brian Auger & the Trinity, Tim Hardin, Zappa/Ruben & The Jets and Al Stewart. Terry Reid. RELEASE change of address/ad. ‘The Rat Game’ by Angelo Quattrocchi. ‘Wind Up Black Dwarfs’ by Clive James. Poverty cooking. IT subscription ad. ’What ‘Paul Getty, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, the Freak Horseman of the Djmaa El Fna, and the Nude Texan Girl from the Albert Hall Alchemical Wedding Did Last Month‘ – Richard Neville on Marrakesh and his meeting with Lee Heater. Full page How to Achieve Sexual Ecstasy ad.

  • OZ 19 by Richard Neville

    OZ 19

    March

    Richard Neville

    Editor: Richard Neville Design: Jon Goodchild, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Virginia. Writers: Andrew Fisher, Ray Durgnat, Germaine, David Widgery, Angelo Quattrocchi, Fletcher Watkins. Stozic: Felix Dennis. Research: Jim Anderson. Artists: Martin Martin Sharp, Bob Hook, John Hurford, Womack, Phillipe von•Mora Photography: Keith Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Advertising: Felix Dennis. Pushers: Louise Ferrier, Brigid Harrison, Cosi Pavalko. Lyn Richards.

    Contents: Germaine Greer/Viv Stanshall cover. Greer-Stanshall pics front, back, inside front and Greer intermittently throughout. Other Scenes, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Martin Sharp ‘There was movement at the station…’ graphic. Spike – Richard Neville on Lee Heater and Abbie Hoffman’s Revolution for the Hell of it of which Neville writes: “ His strategy I would call the Politics of Play…” UPS. Photo of Mitch Mitchell, Noel Redding & Caroline Coon. Time Out subscription ad. ‘Frelimo’ – the Mozambique liberation struggle. ‘Food Explosion’ by David Ramsay Steele. Full page ‘piggies’ cartoon. Smoking – Professor Norman Zinberg talks to Caroline Coon about dope + Krishna Lama licensed dope shop ad. ‘Guerilla Psychic Warfare’ part 2 by G. William Domhoff (scribbled in parenthesis at the end: “If the revolution means prose like this let’s LOSE!”). Centrefold poems by Peter Mayer, typography by Alan Rickman. ‘Why the Press Council’s a Fake’ + graphic. OZ subscription ad. Mozic: ‘The Universal Tonguebath-A Groupie’s Vision’ – Staff writer Germaine talks to Dr G, a celebrated (and over educated) international groupie, by Germaine Greer. Jackie Lomax ad. ‘You Might Think it’s a Load of Old Cock, Man, But That’s Your Hangup’ – review of John & Yoko’s Two Virgins by Sebastion Jorgenson. LP reviews: Led Zeppelin, Rhinoceros, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, The Concert Ensemble, The Everly Brothers, Murray Roman, Touch. Full page photos of Marianne Faithfull as Ophelia and Mick Jagger from the Beggars Banquet sessions. Full page photo and quote from the Incredible String Band. ‘This Man is Dangerous’ – Detective Sgt Norman (Normal) Pilcher, head of Scotland Yard’s drug squad. ‘The Only Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Dylanologist’ – A.J. Weberman talks to Gordon Friesen + Dylan photo. Led Zeppelin, Family, Roy Harper, Gutbucket, Middle Earth, Island Records ads. Inside back cover ad for The Encyclopaedia of Sexual Behaviour.

  • OZ 20 by Richard Neville

    OZ 20

    April

    Richard Neville

    OZ is published monthly by OZ Publications Ink Ltd52 Princedale Road, London, W Phone Directors: Richard Neville, Andrew Fisher. OZ appears with the help of: Jon Goodchild, Felix Dennis, Louise: Ferrier, Brigid Harrison, Keith Morris, Lyn Richards, Ken Petty, Miss Murphy, Phillipe von Mora, Mike Mclnneny, Michael Ramsden, John Wilcock Jim Anderson. Special supplement: Angelo Quattrocchi. Advertising: Felix Dennis, 44, Wandsworth Bridge Road, London.

    Contents: Hells Angel cover and feature. John Wilcock’s Other Scenes. ‘The Situationists are Coming’ by Angelo Quattrocchi. ‘Bedtime Story’ by Peter Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. 2p ‘Victor Vulgar’ cartoon by Von Mora, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘A Vicious God’. Poems and graphics. Word Play by Peter Mayer. Graphic by McInnerey, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. IT subscription form. Dr Hip Ocrates. Poverty Cooking (roast Trafalgar pigeon). ‘Out of the Psychodrama’ by David Widgery. ‘Hell’s Angels-Hell’s Who?’ – text and interviews by Andrew Fisher + pictures. ‘Child That I Am I Do’ – 4p text & pictures on the Incredible String Band by Danae. Ad for Lenny Bruce LP. Jimmy Page interview by Felix Dennis, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Jann Wenner and Rolling Stone by Sebastian mlbjerseyschina.us reviews: Traffic, Blood, Sweat & Tears, Mike Bloomfield & Al Kooper, Howling Wolf.

  • OZ 21 by Richard Neville

    OZ 21

    May

    Richard Neville

    OZ is published monthly by OZ Publications Ink Ltd52 Princedale Road, London, W Directors: Richard Neville, Andrew Fisher. OZ appears with the help of: Jon Goodchild, Felix Dennis, Louise Ferrier, Brigid Harrison, Keith Morris, Lyn Richards, Ken Petty, Miss Murphy, Download Accelerator Plus Version: 7.0 Final crack serial keygen von Mora, Jim Anderson & Martin Sharp.

    Content: Elektra Records ‘Amazement’ ad cover. (insert: Outcry! People's Park poster + Running Man Book News booklet) ‘Rex Organ M.D.’ cartoon. ‘Plant Your Seeds’. Wak Komix cartoons including Martin Sharp Magic Theatre montage - 8 page comic freakout (Clay Wilson, Crumb). Ad for Living Theatre. ‘Living the Revolution’ by John Gerassi. Dr Hip Ocrates. ‘Which Side are you On Baby?’ - Michael English graphic. Middle Earth and ‘Jeremy the best gay mag in the world’ ads. John Hurford 2 page graphic. Full page Janis Joplin pic and Thunderclap Newman ad. ‘Born Under a Bad Sign’ - Pete Townshend interview from Tony Palmer’s book. Zapple records ad. Tommy, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Nashville Skyline and Liverpool Scene reviews. Rock n roll lyrics (The Chiffons, Johnny Kidd, Eddy Cochran, Little Richard). Poverty Cooking (leg of long pig). Ad for the Who’s Tommy. ‘The Groovy Thing is – You’re Not Alone’ – interview with Murray Roman. ‘Che Body Politic’ theatre review by Danny Hughes. ‘Up Ulster’ - Bernadette Devlin interview by Peter Buckman. Crucified rodent graphic. ‘The Chart is the Map’ Paradise Now body chart. ‘The Plot is the Evolution’ Living Theatre photomontage. ‘The Ritual is the Vision’ by Bill Levy. Marsha Hunt ad photo by David Bailey.

  • OZ 22 by Richard Neville

    OZ 22

    July

    Richard Neville

    Content: Martin Sharp Mickey Mouse/smiling moon cover. Square format. Zap Comix graphic. Marmalade Records ad. ‘The Million Dollar Underground’ by Germaine Greer. ‘Private Armies’ – John Crowley on squatting. Full page Saville Theatre Leonard Rossiter in Arturo Ui ad with framing Ebadajos graphic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Pop stars and drug law evasion. Full page ad for Jeremy: the magazine for people who don’t care about sex! John Wilcock’s ‘Other Scenes. ‘Loaded’ by Bob Pritchard & poems by Alan Bold and Pete Brown. Ad for an eveing with Steve Dwoskin. Dr Hip Ocrates. Poverty Cooking. Exploding Hendrix & Plant a Flower Child posters free with OZ subscription ad. ‘The Great Hippie Hoax’ – 7p of hippie horror stories and reprints including a book which allegedly advises that “hippies should be sent to concentration camps”. ‘Drugs is a 5 Letter Word’ by a Sunday Times reporter – critique of “the mindless coverage of drugs by mass media”. 2p centerfold graphics. ‘Television the Bankrupt Medium’ - Oz TV supplement. ‘The Tired Producer’s Notes for His Testament’ by David Sharp – a tired producer. ‘The Cultural Luddites’ Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Tom Nairn. ‘Visual Wank’ by Ian Stocks. ‘Shoot it! Show it! Video Now’ by John Hopkins. Ads for Time Out and Some Of IT, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Mozic: full page photo of Prince Charles playing the cello. Martha Velez and Murray Roman ads. Frank Zappa/Uncle Meat interview by Pete Drummond. Full page Rolling Stones ‘You Can’t Always Get What You Want/Honky Tonk Women’ ad. LP reviews: Lenny Bruce, Pete Brown, Albert King, Blossom Toes and the Velvet Underground. 2p Rock Quiz + photomontage. Harvest Records ad. ‘Marsha’ – 2p interview with Marsha Hunt.

  • OZ 23 by Richard Neville

    OZ 23

    September

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Sebastian Jorgensen, Richard Neville, Felix Dennis, Jon Goodchild, Louise Ferrier, Jim Anderson, Ken Petty, Miss Murphy, Keith Morris, Tina Locke, Martin Sharp, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Keyes, Robert Owen, Jim Calaghan, "Buzz" Aldrin & the Policeman at Heathrow.

    Content: Homosexual OZ. “yet each man kills the thing he loves…” Wilde quote on cover, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Full-page IOW ad – Bob Dylan & The Band, Richie Havens. Max Ernst illustrations with captions and centerfold. Martin Sharp single frames throughout. A run of critical/cryptic statements which feature at the top & sides of some pages. Gay lovers photo - ‘Man Maketh Man’. ‘Suck for Peace’ – extracts from The Homosexual Handbook by Angelo d’Arcangelo. ‘Take it Like a Man’ – a young West London drug addiction clinic doctor on homosexuality. Michael J.W. Storey – the last supper. ‘Did You Feel the Earth Move Little Rabbit?’ - Bob Hughes on the moon landing. Miles on ‘Mother Earth’. Ad for The Julian Press, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ’Return of the Media Pirates’: Caroline News – Alan Reid on pirate radio. Form/graphic declaration and article on leaving the Air Force. Dr Hip Ocrates. Poverty Cooking. Review of Some of IT, Turning On and Nik Cohn’s Pop from the Beginning. Harvest Records ad. Mozic: Blind Faith LP cover (nude 11 year-old girl) with a condemnation of it by Don Short of the Daily Mirror. Phil Ochs/Deviants/Pink Fairies music culture commentary. LP reviews: Blind Faith, Martha Vellez, Dr Strangely Strange and Tim Buckley. Spoof film ad. Trouble in Molopolis – Martin Sharp Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Leonard Cohen ‘The Beautiful Loser’ by Raymond Durgnat. Time Out ad. 2p back issues + Middle Earth ad. ‘Biography of the Simeon Synthesizer’ by Simeon of Silver Apples. Back cover ‘Free chickens’ Gilbert Shelton cartoon.

  • OZ 24 by Richard Neville

    OZ 24

    November

    Richard Torrent Archives - Malik Softs The Beautiful Freaks issue. Lee Heater cover (insert: Honeybunch Kaminski poster with anti-Oz articles from the People [7/9/69] and a rebuttal from the Guardian [10/9/69] on the reverse). ‘Welcome to the OZ Freak Show’ by Ian Channell, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Danae on Rufus Collins & the Living Theatre. Marcia Herscovitz interviews herself. ‘Urological Nurturement’ by John Ivor Golding. Gilbert Shelton ‘Freak Brothers’ strip. Lee Heater. Anthony Haden-Guest on ‘Bruce’, a freak. ‘I Agree with your Tactics But I Don’t Know about Your Goals’ - extracts from Jerry Rubin’s Do It! 1p+ John & Yoko photomontage. Dr Hip Ocrates. ‘Mr Orgone’ - Interview with Ilse Reich about Wilhelm. Rolling Stones Through the Past, Darkly ad. ‘The Navy Lark’. ‘Mozic and the Revolution’ by Germaine Greer. Harvest records ad. LP reviews: The Kinks, John Mayall and Steve Miller. ‘The Beatles Come Together’ - Abbey Road/John Lennon interview by Miles. Back cover ad (girl dancing in IOW festival crowd) for LP by Free.

  • OZ 25 by Richard Neville

    OZ 25

    December

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Richard Neville, Felix Dennis, Jim Anderson, David Wills, Gary Brayley, Louise Ferrier, Martin Sharp and Bridget Murphy. Cover photograph by Keith Morris.

    Content: Hippie Atrocities cover. ‘The End Funnies’ cartoon. Mott the Hoople ad. 2p Elvis/Sun Records montage/game - A Trip Down Memory Lane with the Sun Stars. ‘America’s Real Uncle Sam’ – Robert Finnis on Sam C. Phillips. Mighty Baby ad. Plastic Ono Band Live Peace in Toronto ad. Review of Dylan’s Great White Wonder and Bob Dylan LPs by Felix Dennis. 4p CBS Records ad. Other Scenes. – Japan. Gilbert Shelton Furry Freak Bros cartoon. 2p Martin Sharp ‘Tiny Tim’ collage. Dr Hip Pocrates. Vertigo Records ad. Full page ad for the Beatles’ Something/Come Together. 3p Peter Fonda interview reprinted from the Georgia Straight + Easy Rider pics. ‘Ibiza: Syringes naked breasts and all that shit’. Centre page ‘Wrestling’ poster - Danne Hughes on Scunthorpe. ‘Just Bloody Tenants’ – the Morden estate. 2p on the Chicago Conspiracy Trial. ‘Tashkent’ – prison experiences by Anthony Lorraine. ‘Oxford’ – similar experiences by students Roj Jarman and John N. Gray. Special OZ Information Service; The Hash Scene - ‘The Lebannon: The Hole of the Lebanese Black’ by Harvey Matusow. IT Subscription ad by Edward(?). Moody Blues ad. ‘Goodbye Jack Kerouac’ by David Widgery. Arrest in Turkey. ‘Dynamite the BBC’. Other Scenes subscription ad. Full page ad for Plastic Ono Torrent Archives - Malik Softs ‘Cold Turkey’. ‘Arts Lab Death’ – letter from Jim Haynes. ‘Kill for Love’ – letter from Mick Farren (reply to Germaine Greer’s ‘Mozic’ article in OZ 24). Syd Barrett Madcap Laughs/‘Octopus’ ad. The Sun ‘Leper Rapes Girl’ reprint. Friends ad. Reviews: Quintessence, Mighty Baby, John Mayall, King Crimson, The Byrds. Straight Records ad. Full page Louise Ferrier photo/ Scarlett O’Hara quote. Blackhill Enterprises ad, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Full page John & Yoko Wedding Album ad, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Bonzo Dog ad. Full Page Rolling Stones Let It Bleed ad. Book Reviews: Pablo Neruda, The Confessions of Aleister Crowley, Bernadette Devlin. 1p+trippy graphic. Back cover girl with whip photo by Gerard Malanga.

  • OZ 26 by Richard Neville

    OZ 26

    February

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Richard Neville, Felix Dennis, Jim Anderson, David Wills, Gary Brayley, Martin Sharp and Bridget Murphy. Cover photograph by David Nutter.

    Content: Pussy Power issue - (insert: Print Mint posters ad) Poem ‘A Sane Revolution’ by D.H. Lawrence. OZ subscription form. ‘Portrait of a Bolshevist’ 2p graphics. 1p Blackhill Enterprises and Torrent Archives - Malik Softs ads. ‘The New Word Po Po’ – Edward de Bono. ‘Heavy Shit’ by Felix Dennis, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Gangster of Love Deported’ – extract from Bill Levy’s journal. LP reviews: Tim Buckley, Renaissance, Taj Mahal, Miles Davis. 4p CBS ad. ‘The Biggest Tool in Show-Biz’ - Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Roddy McDowell. ‘The Slag heap Erupts by Germaine Grrer. Candy Darling photo centerfold. ‘The Food Explosion’ part 2. Lennon/Ono Instant Karma! ad. Dear Doctor Hippocrates. ‘Acid Flix’ – underground film by Albie Thoms. ‘Flogging Critics’ by Peter Buckman. 2p girls and car photo. Ad for Suck. Ad for Friends & ad for IT with Edward drawing. Full page Time Out ad. John & Yoko ‘Ban Guns’ ad. The Chicago Conspiracy Trial transcript and full page cartoon. ‘Played Out’ - David Widgery reviews Richard Neville’s Playpower. ‘Head Books’ by Jim Anderson. Chaoz – anti TV. Back cover Martin Sharp Marilyn/Vincent montage.

  • OZ 27 by Richard Neville

    OZ 27

    April

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Jim Anderson, Richard Neville, Felix Dennis, David Wills, Gary Brayley and Bridget Murphy.

    Content - Acid Oz - Sex Fair Special, Bob Crumb cover, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. LSD – ‘The Acid Facts’ text and graphic. ‘The Chemical Revolution: To Trip is Human, To Revolt Divine!’. 2p+ Thead cartoon. ‘Not So Instant Karma’ by Jim Anderson. ‘Zabriskie Petit-Point’. ’14 Ways of Looking at Charles Manson… and one way of talking to him’. 2p Martin Sharp ‘Acid is Good For You’ graphic. ’Dope Hope’ by Steve Morris. The Wooton Report on LSD and Amphetamine by Steve Abrams. ‘Women on the Moon’ – Michelene Wandor’s reply to Greer. Tony Bell cartoon. ‘Candy Darling finds Love at Last’ - interview with Arthur Lee/Love by Jim Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Centrespread ‘I Was a Teenage Bopper’ photo by Thomas Weir. Extracts from Robert Finnis’ History of Teen Idols and Teenybop. ‘Satans Slaves Read Books’ – review by Jim Anderson. ‘Crazy Otto Sheds His Guilt’ - Albie Thoms on Otto Muehl. LP reviews: Live/Dead, GTOs, Mick Farren, Jefferson Airplane, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Steve Miller, Rod Stewart. 4p+ CBS Records ad. ‘Playpower in Pornoland’ by Richard Neville. Playpower ad. 2p photomontage by Jo Garcia. Back cover - Oz back-issues and subscription with David Nutter ‘castration’ photomontage.

    Pages have not been included in the digitised copy.

  • OZ 28 by Jim Anderson

    OZ 28

    May

    Jim Anderson

    This issue of OZ appears with the help of Jim Anderson, Gary Brayley, Felix Dennis, Bridget Murphy, Richard Neville, Liz Watson and David Wills.

    Content: The Schoolkids issue. 2p photo of editors & contributors, plus photos & biographies. ‘The Return of King Kong: Guerilla Babes Wipeout!’ – school experiences/letters. Jail Bait of the Month photo. School Atrocities. Headmaster of the Year and school articles. ‘Xam Blues’. Vivian Berger’s ‘Rupert/Crumb’ montage and ‘Rupert Dancing’. Gilbert Shelton Fabulous Furry Freak Brothers cartoon. Let it All Hang Out – Oz Freak of Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Month. Photo of students/quote from Nixon about “bums… blowing up the campuses”. ‘High Skool Confidential: Billy Bunter Breaks Out’ – from The High School Revolutionaries’. 2p Rehearse for the Apocalypse text and graphic. ‘Brown Shoes Don’t Make It’ – music by Charles Shaar Murray. Back issue bonanza and ‘Pud’ cartoon. Siné cartoons. Oz Sucks – letters. Dr Hippocrates. ‘Head Books’ by Charles Shaar Murray. ‘Jeff Beck: Truth is Blue’. Review of Theodore Roszak’s The Making of a Counter Culture by Bob Hughes. LP reviews: Incredible String Band, Atomic Rooster, Lord Sutch, the Doors. Tony Palmer’s Born Under a Bad Sign reviewed. ‘Uncle Tom Holland and All!’ by Hakim A. Jamal. Oz Multi-Purpose Anti-Form from the International Society for the Abolition of Data Processing Machines. Speed Freak Fun cartoons. For more on the Oz trial, and specifically Rupert Bear’s role.

  • OZ 29 by Richard Neville

    OZ 29

    July

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Jim Anderson, Gary Brayley, Felix Dennis, Germaine, Det Inspector Luff, Richard Neville, Bruce Sawford, and Liz Watson.

    Content: Female Energy/Cuntpower OZ. ‘New Ways with Play Clothes’ – Germaine Greer knits private parts. ‘The Kiss of the Lash’ - Judith Malina interviewed by Danne Hughes. Dr Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Michelene Victor’s ‘Whoring Along the Hudson’. ‘Conversations with Anais Nin’ by Jim Anderson. ‘The Politics of Female Sexuality’ by Germaine Greer. ‘The Kings Shall Be Queens’ by Danae Brook. Full page Hendrix/Band of Gypsys ad. ‘There’s a Schmuck in the Tall Dark Hallway…’ by Emmett Grogan. ‘Fungus Food Forecast: a faint chemical taste in the mouth’. ‘To Live Outside the Law You Must be Honest’ – politics & the law. LP reviews: Jimi Hendrix, Leon Russell, King Crimson. Woodstock movie ad. ‘Liberation Come!’ by Kerry Rolfe, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Sexual Politics: A Manifesto for Revolution’ by Kate Millet. ‘Nancy Kotex’ cartoon, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Canned Heat Live ad. ‘Sugar and Spice’ by Christine Pickard. ‘The Perils of Pauline’ cartoon. Altamont – male deodorant spray parody ad. ‘The Divine Monosyllable – from a 19th century dictionary of slang and its analogues’. Full page ad for Phun City. Back cover photo of a suffragette arrest.

  • OZ 30 by Richard Neville

    OZ 30

    October

    Richard Neville

    Content: (insert: Jimi Hendrix/Oz News poster) ‘Communal Life in America’ montage. ‘Sources of Power’ – Neil Rock on the pot trail. Moroccan anti-kif poster. ‘Conversations with a CIA Agent’. Germaine Greer remembers Hendrix in ‘Hey Jimi, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Where you Gonna Run to Now?’. The Sun newspaper montage. Hog Farm/Wavy Gravy interview. General Waste More Land interview by Micheline Victor. ‘Yohimbina Diaries’ by Neal Phillips. 1p desert musicians graphic. Mott the Hoople ad. Think Ink Mike Wellard cartoon/ad. ‘OZ Up the Khyber’’ – travel. Very Cold Turkey. Japan. Keef Hartley Band ad. ‘Little Orphan Amphaetamine’ Gilbert Shelton cartoon. Morocco Death Picnic. Chile. The Fourth World graphic. ‘Marrakhash Sexpress’ by Jim Anderson. High Tide ad and ad for film The Man Who Had Power Over Women. LP Reviews: The Rolling Stones, North Indian Music, Keef Hartley, Pete Bardens, The Doors, Dr John. Subscription - ‘Giant Rip-Off seized School Kids OZ on secret sale!’. Vertigo records ad. ‘Love Rock Tribal Schlock’ – Kate Garrett on Hair. Good Times – travel: San Francisco, Switzerland, the Hotcha! Tribe. Letter from Dan Goff Productions. ‘Surf Shine Supermen’ – 4p surfing in Australia by David Elfick & Rusty Miller. Back cover ad for Zappa/Mothers Weasels Ripped My Flesh.

  • OZ 31 by Richard Neville

    OZ 31

    November

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Richard Adams, Jim Anderson, Felix Dennis, Stephen Lister, Richard Neville, Marsha Rowe and Peter Steedman. For artwork, photographs and invaluable assistance of every kind thanks to Claude Warm-Gun, Louise Ferrier, Eddie Belchamber, Allan Tanner, David Wills, Caroline, Andrew Fisher, David Nutter and Ed Cleary.

    Contents: Yippie Oz/Brave New Morning cover. Oblong size, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, the legend on the cover reads, “He drives a Maserati She’s a professional model The boy is the son of the art editor of Time magazine: Some revolution!” End of an Era Oz 2p graphic. “All God’s Children Got De Clap” – politics & personalities by Richard Neville. ‘Charles Acid’ Charles Atlas ad parody. Track records ad and ad for George Harrison’s All Things Must Pass. ‘Magick Mushroom’ by Lynn Darnton. Illustrated small ads by Peter Till. Dr Hippocrates. IT bust. Tim Harris and Sheila Rowbotham review Germaine Greer’s The Female Eunuch. Spike on Suck and Otto Meuhl with Crumb cartoon. ‘Bang! Bang! You’re Dead’ by David Widgery with Jim Leon graphic. Jerry Rubin in London, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Ad for the film The Body. Book reviews of Peter Laurie’s Scotland Yard and Beneath the City Streets. LP reviews: Johnny Winter, Dave Mason, Ike & Tina Turner, Pink Floyd, John Cale, Neil Young. Yippie Quiz. Underground films at the NFT by David Triesman. ‘The Obscene Phone Caller’ cartoon. Clive Goodwin reviews The Story of the Black Panther Party by Bobby Seale. 4p ‘Sergeant Death meets Wonder Wart-Hog’ Gilbert Shelton cartoon. ‘Local Jew Boy Makes Good’ - 2p Charles Shaar Murray review of Dylan’s New Morning with graphics by Ed Belchamber. H.R. Giger graphic. Ads for Colloseum’s Daughter of Time and on the back cover Frank Zappa’s Chunga’s Revenge.

  • OZ 32 by Richard Neville

    OZ 32

    January

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Richard Adams, Jim Anderson, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Felix Dennis, Stephen Litster, Richard Neville, Marsha Rowe and David Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Thanks also for artwork and invaluable assistance of all kinds to Caroline, Louise, Stan Demidjuk, George Melly, David Nutter and Det. Inspector Fred (wouldn't it be) Lufferly.

    Contents:Emergency Issue Granny’s OZ. Cover reprints the obscenity charge against OZ. Obscene Graphic? (now you see it – now you don’t). Brian Bolland graphic strip and stills from Performance (Jagger’s penis). ‘Whistle while you Wank?’ by David Widgery. OZ Obscenity Fund plea Torrent Archives - Malik Softs cartoon. ‘Hi Ho, High Ho! It’s Off to Work We Go’ by Louis Jigsaw with full page Trades Union flag with Shelton’s Freak Brothers imposed and a Robert Crumb frame. ‘Trot Trot Trotsky Goodbye’ by Tom Ludd. ‘The Radicalization of the Superheroes’ by Lindsy and Lawrence Van Gelder. Ad for Performance, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Letters Luff Left’. Acid House/Clinic Invitation. ‘You Don’t Know How Good You Got it Here in Britain Mate for Example…’ - repressive laws of entry by Neal Ascherson illustrated with apologies to Gilbert Shelton. ‘Don’t Forget the Glutamate Mum!’ by Brian J. Ford. ‘Swede ‘n’ Sour Discover America’ – Laura Furman on American deserter communities. Centrefold Columbus and the Pig graphics by Irons. ‘Mystic Guerillas’ by Jamian Ananda. Monster Comix, back issues, badges, OZ subscription offer. The Pellen Centre ad. ‘What Really Happened at Scotland Yard’s Christmas Party’ by Richard Neville. Fotheringay ad. Muddy Waters interview by Charles Shaar Murray. ‘Put a Real Queen in the Palace’ by Graham Hunt, member of Gay Liberation Front. ‘Y-Front Guerillas’ – Warren on the Gay Liberation Front. ‘Good Morning Little School Girl’ by Marilyn Brando, a grateful graduate of Schoolkids OZ. ‘Oh Lord This Cell is Cold’ by Michael Kustow. Full page John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band ad and ditto Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band. ‘It’s All White Ma I’m Only Bleeding’ – Hakim A. Jamal on racism. ‘Blind Man’s Luff’ by Germaine Greer + Cembrowicz and Rankin graphic strip. LP reviews: Velvet Underground Loaded,Egg, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Jimi Hendrix Live Experience Ad for Performance. Print Mint Poster Sale. Back Cover Jagger/Performance ad.

  • OZ 33 by Richard Neville

    OZ 33

    February

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Norman Lindsay cover art. 4p graphics by Condon. OZ subscription ad with Oliver Twist illustration. Vertigo records ad. 2p ‘Raw War’ cartoon. ‘There’s No Business Like Bomb Business’ by Dave Dellinger – A Time to Look at Ourselves, reprinted from Liberation Magazine. National Enquirer Judy Garland graphic by Heathcote Williams. ‘Tales of Sherwood Forest, or: What Shall We Do With the Bank of England’ from a séance with Robin Hood. ‘Whistle While You Wank Re-Visited’ – Tom Ludd’s critique of David Widgery. Michael X. ‘Cuntpower Trials’ – in court with the women accused of disrupting Miss World by Rosemary Pettit and Others – “The girls were fined and Women’s Liberation found the court entirely irrelevant”. ’Ink is Definitely Coming’ OZ obscenity fund and Ink production. ‘A Plague of Locusts’ – Felix Dennis reviews Rockin 50’s Rock ‘n Roll. LP reviews: Janis Joplin, Laura Nyro, Jefferson Airplane and Yes. ‘A Deafening of Prophets’ – book reviews by Peter Buckman. Uriah Heep ad. Ad for Richard Neville’s Playpower. ‘Soul On Acid: Leary in Algiers’ by Michael Zwerin. ‘There Was Once a Shepherdess’ 3p cartoon by Guitton. ‘Down on the Farm’ interview with ‘animal lover’ Bodil conducted by Ole Ege. ‘The Anarchist Cookbook: “Turn On, Burn Down, Blow Up!”’ by Jim Anderson. Ad for Man LP. ‘Splendour in the Rice’ by Jay Landesman. 2p woman/eagle montage. ‘The Daddy of Them All’ – Peter Jones on Richard Dadd + full page reproduction of The Fairy Feller, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Back cover OZ Police Ball! ad for an obscenity trial benefit at Middle Earth.

  • OZ 34 by Richard Neville

    OZ 34

    April

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of David Wills, Chris Rowley, Marsha Rowe, Richard Neville, Brian McCracken, Stephen Lister, Debbie Knight, Louise Ferrier, Felix Dennis, Stanislav Demidjuk, Caroline, Pat Bell, Jim Anderson and Richard Adams. Thanks for the artwork, photographs and valuable help from Peter Webb and his erotic art class at Hornsey College of Art, Andy Dudzinkski, Rip-Off Press, Lee Heater and Kathy Hayes, Rupert, Simon Wilson, Jean Francios Allaux, Burman, Germany's 'Underground' magazine and Chief Superintendent Toogood (to be true).

    Contents: Parent’s Guide to Drug abuse cover. 4p erotic graphics + centerfold by Peter Webb/Hornsey College/Burman. Spike: Oz trial – the charges against OZ 28 + 2 letters from angry headmasters + plea for schoolteachers, psychiatrists and sociologists who will defend OZ. Full page Cochise ad. ‘All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace’ - Richard Torrent Archives - Malik Softs poem. ‘Letter from America’ – Abbie Hoffman defends himself. Selection’s from Germaine Greer’s Fan Mail: Letters to a Female Eunuch. RELEASE ad. ‘The Last Laugh’ 3p cartoon. Robin Jenkins on Imperialism and exploitation. ‘The Fight’ Robert Crumb cartoon. ‘Uganda Me Goose!’ by Alex Mitchell. Ads for Nasty Tales, Mushroom Records, Caravan. Latin America. ‘Chad: The Ultimate French Farce’ by David Triesman. Ad for William Burroughs Jr’s book Speed. ‘Our Man in Oman’ by Peter Hellyer. ‘One Little Piggy Hogged the Media’ review of Medicine Head LP and reflections on music and the media by Felix Dennis + Diagram of a Drug Abuser. Mail order OZ. Neon Records ad. ‘They’re Selling Postcards of the Hanging’ by Louis Jigsaw. ‘My Lay in My Lai’ by former Sgt Dan Mouer. Vertigo Records ad. Ad for Lennon/Ono Power to the People. LP reviews: Hendrix, John Lee Hooker/Canned Heat, The Incredible String Band, Ray Russel, David Crosby. Review of Marijuana in books and the news. Review of R.B. Fisher’s A Dictionary of Drugs. ‘The Revolution is Over – Tough Shit… You Missed It!’ by David Reynolds’. Back page ad for Ink.

    Pages 2, 3, 6 and 7 have not been included in the digitised version.

  • OZ 35 by Richard Neville

    OZ 35

    May

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help o f Jim Anderson, Pat Bell, Stanislav Demidjuk, Felix Dennis, Simon Kentish, Debbie Knight, Stephen Litster, Brian McCracken, Mike Murphy, Richard Neville, John O’Neil, Chris Rowley, George Snow, David Wills. Thanks for artwork, photographs and valuable help to Eddie Belchamber, Andy Dudzinski, Rod Beddatl, Rip-Off Press, David Nutter, Mike Weller, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Dan Pearce, Colin Thomas, Charles Shaar Murray, Sue Miles and those innumerable people who write us letters, which we are unable to print and sometimes forget to reply to.

    Contents: Special Pig issue cover by Ed Belchamber. Stop Press: OZ Obscenity Trial June 22nd Old Bailey. ‘The Contortions of Modern Cricket’ A commentary on the current state of the game – Suck, sexuality and politics by Jim Haynes + graphics. ‘The Continuing Story of Lee Heater’ by Jim Anderson + graphics. How Howie Made it in the Real World 3p cartoon by Gore. Full page Keef Hartley Band ad. ‘The Bob Sleigh Case’ by Stanislav Demidjuk – freak injustice, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Act Like a Lady’ – gay advice from Gay Dealer + graphics by Rod Beddall, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Chart: ‘The Medical Effects of Mind-Altering Substances’ – based on charts by Sidney Cohen MD and Joel Fort MD. Drug Chart Extra. ‘Acid Through the Looking Glass’ and The YageDitran Conjecture – Peter Stafford author of LSD—The Problem Solving Drug and the forthcoming Psychedelic Baby Reaches Puberty on psychedelics. Full page trippy Alice and white rabbit graphic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Drugs Fight Dirty – Hit Back Hard text & graphic. Full page Dan Pearce graphic. Pink Fairies & Roy Harper ArchiCAD 25 Crack Torrent + License Key 2021 Download. Ozjets D’art at Clytie Jessop’s Gallery in Kings Road – thanks for the exhibition + graphics including Hockney’s portraits of the editors. Mail order OZ including Luff, Honeybunch, pregnant elephant and Three Virgins (girls from the centrespread of OZ 27) T-shirts & badges. Ad for Jill Neville’s The Love Germ. Edward cartoon ad for Nasty Tales & IT. Centrespread Hans Bellmer graphic. Mike Murphy cartoon. Edgar Broughton Band & Brian Auger ads. ‘Desolation Dribble’ – David Reitman plays basketball with Dylan + Dan Pearce graphic. ‘His Duty to Serve – Hers to Inspire’ – Lee Harris on Gandhi. Gnidrolog by Charles Shaar Murray + full page 3rd eye photo. Spike: the Little Red Schoolbook and repression. Ink. Richard Brautigan poem ‘Flowers for Those You Love’. St Torrent Archives - Malik Softs ad. ‘Terror on the Tubes’ – Stanislav Demidjuk on Theatrespiel performance. S. Clay Wilson Spider Joy cartoon. ‘See Me Feel Me Touch Me Heal Me’ Esalen and Encounter Group Therapy – Jerome Liss talks to Don Braisby Torrent Archives - Malik Softs graphics and groups list. Gypsy and B.B. Blunder ads. Fan mail + Lynn Barnes graphic. Thin Lizzy & early Hendrix on Saga Records ads & Friends of the Earth books by Ballantine ad. LP reviews: Brian Auger, Third World War, John Cale & Terry Riley, Keef Hartley Band, Loudon Wainwright IIIrd. 2p M.J. Weller catoon The Firm. Back cover ad for United Artists Records featuring boy reading OZ

  • OZ 36 by Richard Neville

    OZ 36

    July

    Richard Neville

    This issue appears with the help of Jim Anderson, Pat Bell, Felix Dennis, Debbie Knight, Stephen Litster, Brian McCracken, Pearce Marchbank, Richard Neville, John O’Neil, Chris Rowley, David Wills. Thanks for artwork, photographs and valuable help to Eddie Belchamber, Rip-Off Press, David Nutter, Stanslav Domichick, Charles Shaar Murray, Sue Miles, Warren Hague, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Whitehead, Insect Fear Comics, Michael Ramsden (for heroic help with the Ozjects d'art Exhibition - sorry Michael), Jim Leon, Nicholas and Michael and particularly Michel de Saint-Chien, whose sketch books provided at least a dozen fantastic illustraions.

    Contents: Dream Power cover by Jim Leon. (insert: Janis Joplin / Oz Old Bailey Trial poster) Inside front/inside back and back cover Big O Posters ads. Voltaire quote, Director of Public prosecutions quote + ‘Necrophilia’ Jim Leon illustration. ‘Dream Power’ – dreams, ecstasy, shamanism and the Malayan Sonoi by Ioan Lewis and Kilton Stewart + illustrations including John Hurford. ‘The W.H. Smith Story – An extract from Satan’s Slaves by James Taylor, available from your friendly local W.H. Smiths (Smiths refused to handle OZ) + graphic and text: “Paranoia is a new form of awareness and awareness is very close to love” - Charles Manson. Presenting The Old Codger 3p cartoon. ‘Obscenity, who really cares? Propaganda all is phoney’ – a discussion b Dave Robins. Full page John Thompson graphic. Oz Package Tour Feature: Indian Summer by Simon Watson Taylor. Full page M.J. Weller cartoon The Firm. ‘Someone Somewhere Wants a Letter From You’ protest forms by Anthony Haden-Guest re: the war against the underground press, police harassment and corruption, legalisation of soft drugs. Full page Frendz ad. ‘Here Come de Judge’ – pig law by Ned Ludd. White Panthers. STYNG. Digger Action Movement. Barry Fitton poem. Photo of the Cottingley fairies. Centrefold full Jim Leon cover + ‘A draft charter of children’s rights’. ‘How Abbie Hoffman Stole “Steal This Book”’ – an 8p accusation of plagiarism by co-writer Izak Haber + graphics + extracts. Letters + C. Broulin graphic. ‘And Then Along Came Jones’ A Letter from John Sinclair – 3p of Sinclair against scag + graphics. Full page Victorian porn/tree of life montage. Full page John Thompson graphics. Film ad for Sunday Bloody Sunday. Edward cartoon/ad for Nasty Tales issue 2. ‘Women Are Goddesses or Sloppy Beasts’ - 3p David Widgery comment on Norman Mailer’s Prisoner of Sex + Jim Leon, Eddie Cairns and Hans Bellmer graphics. Acid in Wonderland Peter Till graphic/lyric/ad for Neil Tucker LP. LP reviews: Head Hands and Feet, Stormcock by Roy Harper, Four Way Street by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, John Entwistle. OZ mail order including trial T shirts and naked editor prints by David Hockney.

  • OZ 37 by Richard Neville

    OZ 37

    September

    Richard Neville

    Content: Angry OZ / A World of Young Love.(Issue inverts itself half way through, both covers are ‘front’ covers) Ad for Traffic. R.D. Laing ad. Ink ad. Angry Brigade Communique 6. ‘Grass?’ by Andrew Cockburn + full page ‘I crossed my fingers and took my first puff of marijuana’ graphic + 2p ‘They Said I was Out to Lunch’ cartoon. Ike & Tina Turner ad. William Morris The Wood Beyond the World ad. BAMN: Outlaw Manifestos and Ephemera ad. LP reviews: The Who Who’s Next, The Mothers Fillmore East June , Jack Bruce Harmony Row, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Ad for Tony Palmer’s The Trials of OZ. ‘Tyger’ by David Widgery + Blake illustration. ‘The Cannock Chase Murders’ poem by Judge Argyle QC + MacKinnon graphic. Film ad for Taking Off. OZ mail order. Full page Elastic OZ Band ‘God Save Us’ ad in front-page tabloid form. ‘Another OZ scoop – We Meet Ronald Biggs’. Ad for Yoko Ono’s Grapefruit. ‘Under Whose Thumb’ Mary Strong/Andy Levine on the Rolling Stones, macho, egoism & cocaine + Jagger/Nazi torture montage. ‘Good Little Bad Girl’ – Harry liked his wife in lingerie but everyone else did too! Sandy Denny ad. Full Torrent Archives - Malik Softs graphic + thanks to the one juror who thought OZ 28 not obscene and the Judge who granted the editors bail. ‘What UCS?’ – Stanislav Demidjuk on the Upper Clyde Shipbuilders. ‘Not So Much Oppression More a Way of Life’ – Roger Hutchinson on the north and STYNG. 2p text and graphic sequence on ‘pig law’. ‘How to Deprave & Corrupt’ – Warren on the OZ trial & sexual freedom + pics of couple. Full page ‘big ladies’ ad for Who’s Next. Letter from Fulham Women’s Liberation Workshop. Transatlantic Records ad – “We don’t think Mr. Justice Argyle would like our new releases either”. ‘Internment’ – Northern Ireland by Brian Trench. ‘Rage of Innocence’ – James McCann, Crumlin Road jail escapee. Polydor/Atlantic records ad. ‘One Big Frame Up’ – Angry Brigade: The prison letters of Jake Prescott and Ian Purdie. Full Page Mothers Fillmore East ad. ‘Go Home Ozzies’ – Garth on deportation.

  • OZ 38 by Richard Neville

    OZ 38

    November

    Richard Neville

    Content: Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Day the Earth was Out to Lunch cover by Peter Brookes. Ad for John Lennon’s Imagine. The Scotland Road Free School IT underground history+ logo. Charges against STYNG. Chit Chat on Dress C18th enema graphic. Souvenir OZ obscenity trial programme ad. ‘Silly Sympathies’ cartoon. ‘Survival?’ ecology + flower graphic/Mick Farren on utopian alternatives. ‘Kisses: The Sweetest Kiss of All’ – Chris Rowley on the OZ trial and others. ‘It’s Just a Shot Away’ – from a drug treatment center in Vietnam. Demented Waving Brothers cartoon by Edward. Mike Harrison ad. OZ mail order. PC The Case of the Spotted Toad cartoon and poem by Alan Stranks & John Worsley. ‘Tough Shit in Bangkok’, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Ad for Eddison’s The Worm Ouroboros. Centrefold Stewart MacKinnon graphic. ‘Abbie: An Das a Fact’ – Hoffman attempts to refute charges made in OZ 36 that he stole most of the material for Steal This Book. LP reviews: Grateful Dead, New Riders of the Puple Sage, Jerry Garcia, Jefferson Airplane, Hot Tuna, Traffic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Howlin’ Wolf, Larry Coryell, Country Joe and the Fish, Daevid Allen, John Lennon. Film ad for Danish Blue. Ad for Nottingham alternative mag Third Eye. Robert Crumb strip cartoon featuring ad for IT. Full page William Stok cartoon. Full page ad for Hawkwind, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Fans’ – condemnatory letters from the mother of a 16 year old OZ reader and (slightly less so) two American women. ‘Penguinpower’ ad. Ad for Roger Zelazny’s Damnation Alley, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Oxfam petition/ad. Dr J advice. ‘Captain Video’ From Larry Menkin, Free Video America, Seize the Media. ‘Poor Paranoids’: Rock by John Coleman. ‘Letter to the Lumpen’ from Eldridge Cleaver in Algiers, Minister of Information, Black Panther Party. Velvet Underground LPs/tour ad. 4p Robert Crumb ‘Honeybunch Kaminski the Drug-Crazed Runaway’ cartoon. Lone Ranger & Tonto “I think they’re all bozos in this OZ” graphic. Back cover Bop Diddley Wah Wah Clang Honk graphic.

  • OZ 39 by Richard Neville

    OZ 39

    December

    Richard Neville

    Content: Thrilling Murder Comics cover. Ad for Grateful Dead ‘Skull & Roses’ LP. Pregnant nature photo. ‘Letter From Our Founder’ by Richard Neville. Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Maugham in Morocco’ by Jim Anderson. ‘Gays Doctor Reuben’ gay politics by Andrew Lumsden + Harold Head cartoon. Film ad for Drive He Said. ‘Trouble Down at t‘ Millgarth’ – police crime in Leeds by Roger Hutchinson. Traffic ad. ‘Goodbye Gene’ Gene Vincent/Wonder Woman montage. ‘Find the Barmaid of the Year’ - join the dots. William Stok graphic. Frendz ad. STYNG ad. New Riders of the Purple Sage ad. ‘Concrete Jungle Karma’ – Pat Meyer on communes. ‘Holy Joe’ – John Rosen interviews a junky ex-GI in Saigon + ‘Gospel Literature’ cartoon strip. Centrespread running mutant graphic. Ad for Yoko Ono ‘Mrs Lennon’/Fly. ‘Consider the Lilies’ – Alan Watts on hippies. Ad for the Guardian. 2p ‘Urban Paranoia’ cartoon. OZ mail order. Full page ad for Frank Zappa LPs. Manifesto of the Youth Action Kommittee. Open letter to John & Yoko. White Panther Party UK addresses. Gay Liberation Front. Another ad for Yoko Ono’s Fly. Tonto’s Expanding Head Band ad, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Doctor J advice. ‘Father Bruce’ – Lenny Bruce by Steve Mann. ‘Suzie Slumgodess’ - Jonathon Green on radical politics + graphics. Review of Bob Dylan’s Tarantula and live performance of Zappa’s (?) Motels. ‘Brainrape’ Torrent Archives - Malik Softs techno horror by Alf Moorcraft. ‘Sweet Cousin Cocaine’ 2p advice on cocaine + graphic by Roland Komdorffer. LP reviews: The Who, Firesign Theatre (+graphic), Fanny, Tonto’s Expanding Headband. ‘The Locust Sang’ – Chris Rowley on consumption & ecology. Full page Who ad. Back cover black soldiers/child bride montage by Linda S. Connor.

  • OZ 40 by Richard Neville

    OZ 40

    February

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Special 5th Anniversary issue. 2p Jim Leon graphic. ‘Never Trust Anyone Over Thirty…’ – Richard Neville reports from New York on the current state of the revolutionary game. halftime crack Archives. a Daisy’ - John Wilcock takes a critical look at the American underground press. ‘Psychedelic Fascism’: Robert Crumb Jumpin’ Jack Flash Manson cartoon intercut with extracts from Ed Sanders’ The Family. ‘ Maniacs’ – David Sturn review and reflections on movie violence. ‘Days Of Future Passed’ – John Peel on music + Crumb frame + photo of Jim Morrison’s grave. Full page Capricorn Graphics ad by John Hurford. ‘To Have Reached Torrent Archives - Malik Softs is To Have Failed in Life’ - Auberon Waugh on OZ, the trial, David Widgery, and related issues + female Rupert Bear dancing graphic & lizard. ‘Junger Than Springtime’ – Matt Hoffman looks at the work of C.J. Jung. Top Secret ‘Youth’ document and Restaurant Complex—Creative Proposition. Gandharva ad. ‘A Bit of the Other’ – Bit Information Service ad. 2p M.J. Weller graphic + Schoolgirlie Blue cartoon. ‘Things Your Teacher “Forgot” to Tell You’ – Dick Leitsch opens up the gay history book and finds a few pages missing + William Stok graphic. 2p desert & camels photo. ‘Leary in Limbo Limbo! Limbo!’ – Chris Hardy reviews Timothy Leary’s Jail Notes + Kinuko Craft portrait. ‘Up Your Alley, Tariq’ – Schradan Giftgas reviews Tariq Ali’s The Coming British Revolution. Spike: whatever happened to the OZ school kids? update. Naked man photo. Dictionary definition of ‘fuck’. Farewell to Ken Petty. Nasty Tales trial looming. Centrespread “It’s O.K. Harry you can come out now he’s gone” image. Miscellaneous Shit – back issues. Reproduction of abusive postcard to OZ. Penguins ad. Viv Stanshall/NME ad. ‘The Kinks: Mutant British Rock & Roll’ – Charles Shaar Murray reviews Muswell Hillbillies. ‘Who is Bette Shabazz? – OZ quiz + images. Edward cartoon Nasty Tales bust appeal, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Snorting?’ Things Go Better With Coke – cocaine + illustrations by Peter Till. ‘After You With the String Rufus…’ – Danae Brook talks to Rufus Collins, former member of the Living Theatre + photos. ‘Doing My Jigsaw Puzzle’ – Louis Jigsaw asks where now the libidinal left? Full page ad Yoko Ono Mind Train/Listen the Snow is Falling. 2p woman at urinal graphic. Full page ad for Jerry Garcia’s solo album, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Da Doo Ron Ron Ron… A Rock & Roll Game. The Silent Majority speaks – letters + graphics by Grimwood. ‘The Three ‘R’s Reeding Riting & Revolushun’ – Peter Buckman considers the failure of compulsory education in Britain. 2p They Called our Young Love Pornographic cartoon by Griffith. ‘Heavy on the Drum’ - David Widgery’s Oz obituary. Ad for Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange. Ad for Cheech & Chong LP. Back cover Walt Disney’s Comics illustration.

  • OZ 41 by Richard Neville

    OZ 41

    April

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Crime & Conspiracy! Issue. 2p Loudon Wainwright III lyric to ‘Old Friend’ and John Hurford graphic. 2p of ‘Wanted’ world figures (Golda Meir, Gandhi, Walt Disney, Ho Chi Minh, Albert Schweitzer, J.F. Kennedy). ‘Charlie Was a Bastard’ – a short story about murder in a commune by Christopher Priest. ‘The 1st Crime’ 2p cartoon. ‘War Crimes’ – a roll-call of war dead. Academy Editions ad. Bickershaw Festival ad. ‘Planet of the Apes’ graphic Mona Lisa parody. ‘Environmental Crime’ by Michael Allaby. OZ mail order, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Errant Guardians of the Law’ - Police crime. 2p Mike Unsted cartoon. ‘Mobs and Plotters’ – Andrew Sinclair on conspiracies. ‘A Rooky Gumshoe’s A.B.C.’ NME ad. RELEASE ad. Cinema Rising ad. ‘The Politics of Rape’ by Susan Griffin 6p + graphics. Charles Shaar Murray reviews Hendrix, Isaac Hayes, Rahsaan Roland Kirk, Curtis Mayfield, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Humble Pie ad. Lucifer ‘Fuck You’ ad. ‘Capital Punishments of all Nations’ text & graphic. “Astounding, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Holmes’ – Peter Laurie examines scientific police detection, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Mike McGear ad. Ad for William Morris/Ballantine Books. 3p Gilbert Shelton Wonder Wart-Hog cartoon. Gay News ad. ‘It’s the Poor What Gets the Blame’ by Jock Young + illustrations by Rod. ‘Identiquiz’. Spoof (?) Home Office memo about male/female crime rates and the need to ‘feminise’ males. Ad for The Image. Amon Duul II ad. Full page Martin Sharp graphic/ad for his work. ‘If the Cong Don’t Get You, Cadmium Will…’ – book reviews: Body Count, The Toxic Metals, Doomwatch. Gnidrolog ad. Full page ad for McCartney/Wing’s ‘Give Ireland Back to the Irish’. ‘Is Nothing Sacred?’ – egg on Che’s face graphic. Back cover portrait of Al Capone.

  • OZ 42 by Richard Neville

    OZ 42

    May

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Naked hippie couple cover.‘Miss Elektra Meets the Shocked Nun’ - David Leitch on mental hospitals and ECT. Argent ad. Ad for OZ street sellers. Hippie couple photo. ‘The Universal Exhibition’ - Charles Shaar Murray on the Bickershaw rock festival. ‘The Vanishing Life Experts’ - indians in Columbia by Robin Hanbury-Tenison.‘The Little Vanguard’s Tail’ - a Torrent Archives - Malik Softs story by Sheila Turner (Sheila Rowbotham) + Gustav Dore illustration. Twilight of the Dogs 5p+ Richard Corben cartoon strip. Greasy Truckers ad, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Brian Bolland cartoon. ‘They Do it With Mirrors’ - feminism/TV by Micheline Wandor. ‘Let’s Have a Party’ by David Widgery. The Death of Lester Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, House Painter - Rod Taylor poem and Ed Badajos graphic. Prison Special: ‘John: 30 Years of Hard Rain’ from Tales for the Son of My Unborn Child by Thomas Farber. RAP - Radical Alternatives to Prisons. Joshua Thomas graphic. Full page mail order OZ. The Angry Brigade/Stoke Newington 8 trial. ‘Sledge Hammers in the Slums’ - Roger Hutchinson on the Northern and provincial alternative press. ‘There But For the Grace of God…’ Jackie on jail in Iran. ‘Muckro Biotics’ by Amadeus Vivek. Clay Wilson graphic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Lucifer ‘Fuck You’ ad. Peter Frampton ad. ‘From Pocket to Penis’ - Jerry Hopkins investigates the wonderful world of rubbers, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Spare Rib ad (and notice in Spike). RELEASE new address and ad. Book reviews of Narcotic Plants, The Underground Dictionary, Beneath the City Streets and Roland Barthes’ Mythologies. Film reviews A Day in the Death of Joe Egg, The Last Picture ShowTwo Lane Blacktop. Make New Frendz ad. Ad for Anthony Scudato’s Bob Dylan biography. Emerson Lake & Palmer ad. LP reviews: Fanny, The Allman Brothers Eat a Peach. ‘Love, Peace, Acid, Crashpads, Lightshows, Arts Labs, Karma, Incense, Grateful Dead & Far Out!’ by Warren Hague. Germaine Greer’s husband naked but not aroused. Back cover: Ralph Steadman graphic ‘How you gonna crucify a child in Vietnam without any arms?’ with Albert Schweitzer quote about the suicide of civilization.

  • OZ 43 by Richard Neville

    OZ 43

    July

    Richard Neville

    Contents : (insert: subscription/back issue/mail order form) A Letter Home cartoon by Trina. Joshua ‘A Letter from an Idle Fellow’ – letter from Vincent Van Goch to his brother Theo + Martin Sharp collage and graphics. ‘’Murder is an Absurd Suggestion’ - Michael X on his murder charge in Trinidad. David Sparling & Joshua Thomas graphics, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘Twilight of the Machmen’ – anti-machine musings by Garth Murphy + Peter Till graphics. OZ back issue bonanza. Spike: OZ pays damages to teacher mentioned in # Spare Rib party disrupted by Gay Lib. Nasty Tales trial. OZ & the Post Office Act. ‘Post-Scarcity Anarchism’ Joel Whitbrook reviews Murray Bookchin’s book + anonymous painting + Goofy graphics by Claire Sargent. ‘Machines of Loving Grace’ – an introduction to negative ionization + illustration by Mike Moore. ‘Acupuncture: Oh the needle and the F-Secure Freedome VPN 2.16.5289.0 Crack & Code Free Download 2021 done’ + graphics. 3p The Loser cartoon by J. Osborne. Pink Fairies and Kubrick’s Clockwork Orange ads. Help Yourself. Emerson Lake & Palmer ad. ‘There Must Be Some Way Outa Here’ – scenes from a Lebanese jail by Panos Koutrouboussis. Full page ad for David Bowie’s Ziggy Stardust. ‘Astrolozy’ – ambrose Hollingsworth + illustrations by Thomas Bewick and his school. Naked man graphic. Ad for Time Out’s Book of London. Film reviews: The Jerusalem File, Pocket Money, Cool Breeze, The Ruling Class. Book reviews: Watch Out Kids by Mick Farren and Edward Barker, Elvis: A Biography, Franco’s Prisoner, The Wild Boys by William Burroughs, Shots: Photographs from the Underground Press + photo of bloody student Columbia ‘ 2p Oz mail order. LP reviews: Lou Reed, David Bowie’s Ziggy Stardust, Edgar Winter, Jeff Beck, The Beach Boys. Ads for Revelation, MGM Records, Drugs and Society, Ed Sander’s The Family, film ad for Fritz the Cat. ‘Hippie Fingers in Bali Sugar’ by Jim Anderson. Ads for Bit Information Service, CBS Records, Hawkwind’s ‘Silver Machine’. Back Cover CBS Records ad.

  • OZ 44 by Richard Neville

    OZ 44

    September

    Richard Neville

    Contents: The Virgin Sperm Dancer. 2p OZ graphic from an original by Thomas Bayrle. ‘The Virgin Sperm Dancer’ extracts and photos from The Virgin Sperm Dancer, An Ecstatic Journey by William Levy with photos by Ginger Gordon + review and reflections on sexuality by Colin MacInnes. 2p David Baird graphic. Photo/cartoon montage. ‘The Power of Positive Thinking’ – social criticism and radical alternatives. ‘Kamikaze Kids’ – Duncan Campbell on Japan + Kamikaze graphic. ‘Bummer of ‘72’ – Dave Robins on Amsterdam & ‘Greeting From the Gate’ - Dick Pountain on London’s Notting Hill/Ladbroke Grove. OZ mail order. Leon Russell ad. ‘Rocks Off With Roxon’ – Louise Ferrier listens to journalist Lilian Roxon + Torrent Archives - Malik Softs by Roy Knipe. 2p photo of mummified bodies in Mexico – 2p of fun & fantasy sex ads “withdrawn at the last minute on the advice of our crack team of legal advisers”. 2p Oz mail order. ‘On Your Marx…’ – John Hoyland’s response to Joel Whitebrook’s discussion of Murray Bookchin’s ‘Post Scarcity Anarchism’ (“who needs the original?”) ‘Love it to Death’ - Dr Jerry Rubenfield on alternative sexualities + photo of a sculpture by V. Neiman. Full page John & Yoko/Plastic Ono Band’s Some Time in New York City ad. ‘Hot Rats’ – Simon Morris on a restaurant’s rat dishes. ‘The Eve of Ratastrophe’ – rat facts + Alan Grimwood graphic. ‘Oztrology’ – Ambrose Hollingsworth on astrology. Man, Cheech & Chong, Arthur Lee and Billy Jack ads. Cozmic Comics ad. New English Library Underground Classics ad. Ad for Mick Farren & Edward Barker’s Watch Out Kids. Inside Story ad. Ad for Don Rodriguez: Chronicles of Shadow Valley by Lord Dunsany. Firesign Theatre ad. ‘It’s McGovern! Nudist Victory’ – Lanny Beckman on the presidential election + photomontage by Roy Knipe and Roger Perry. 2p Inner City Romance cartoon by Guy Colwell. ‘Red Sails in the Sunset’ – the dialectics of menstruation by Alison Fell + photo + Tampax ad. Spike: Walt Disney sues West Coast comic artists. Book reviews: Police, Power and Black People by Derek Humphry, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, To Deprave and Corrupt: Technical Reports of the US Commission on Obscenity and Pornography, The Dice Man by Luke Rhinehart, Ringolevio by Emmett Grogan, Armed Love by Elia Katz. Film reviews: The Concert for Bangla Desh, Asylum, Fritz the Cat, Young Winston. LP reviews, Randy Newman, Roxy Music, Cheech & Chong, The Velvet Underground, Van Morrison. Roxy lady painting by Marvin Rainbow. Help Yourself. Oz back issue bonanza. Ads for The Image and Gay News. Back cover ‘guru’ poster.

  • OZ 45 by Richard Neville

    OZ 45

    November

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Large rectangular format, cover by John Hurford. John Entwistle ad. Mandala graphic, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. ‘The Big Ice Cream Cone in the Sky’ - review essay and extracts from Baba Ram Dass’s Be Here Now. ’Our Mutant Brothers’ text and cartoon by Greg Irons .’Dr Leary the Cosmic Whore’ - Tim Leary interview. ‘Brotherhood of Breath – the art of contemplating your navel’. ‘What is My Secret Identity?’ short story by Morris Lurie. ‘’ – Phil Cohen discusses a book by Samuel Fuller and asks what went wrong with London’s biggest & most sensational squat. ‘Watney’s Hash’ – Jock Young takes a sober look at the dope smokers revolutionary pipe dream. ‘A Revolutionary Structure’ Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Grahame Caine talks about his Eco House. ‘Don’t Just Stand There Say Spray Something’ – Geoff Lawes on resistance through graffiti. ‘The Black Australia Policy’ – interview with Bobbi Sykes, a militant black Australian. The Stoke Newington 8 + illustration by Roy Knipe. IT, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Frendz & Pink Fairies mlbjerseyschina.usspread graphic. Ads for Follow-Up and Jeffrey gay mags. Four More Years – illustrations from ‘Dick! The Nixon Era’ by Ed Badajos. Book reviews: The Paint House by Susie Daniel & Peter McGuire, After the Planners by Robert Goodman. Film reviews of Deliverance, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Groupies, Dynamo and The Assassination of Trotsky. LP reviews: Buddy Guy & Junior Wells, John & Yoko’s Sometime in New York City, The Band’s Rock of Ages and Vindicator by Arthur Lee. 2p OZ mail order ad. Cozmic Comics ad. Ad for bound volumes of Ink. ‘Bingo With Erections’ – Madeleine Francis on group sex and interview with Henry Charles+ photos from Screw. ‘What About Socrates? What About Him? – extracts from Ken Rubinstein’s manuscript about ‘involution’ and the dark side of CIA-ridden Greece + Josh Thomas illustration. ,’If You Were the Only Girl in the World and I Was the Only Passport’ – article + world map. ‘Kiss Me Deadly’ – article on necrophilia reprinted from Screw. Back cover ad for Dracula magazine.

  • OZ 46 by Richard Neville

    OZ 46

    January

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Cover by Ken Pereiny. ‘All Dressed Up… And Nowhere to Go’ by Richard Neville. ‘The Queen’s Vernacular’ - Gay slang. ‘Paris: Louvre it Or Leave it’. John Hoyland’s ‘The Long March Through the Bingo Halls’. Sexism. ‘The Story of Abdul ben Kassem – a drunken tale from the days of the roaring twenties in old Morocco’. 2p Martin Sharp ‘Eternity’ graphic. Centerfold ‘Has Fame Gone to Her Head?’ - Germaine Greer lewd picture puzzle. ‘Homeless – Why Not Squat?’. ‘A Proper Mess – special Oz report on the failure of PROP: the preservation of the Rights of Prisoners’. ‘Jackson 8’ – the plight of teeny boppers. 2p Cole Porter tribute + graphics. Book reviews: Anthony Haden-Guest’s Down the Programmed Rabbit Zbrush crack serial keygen McCabe and Schonfeld’s Apple to the Core; John Berger’s Ways of Seeing; Michelene Wandor’s collection The Body Politic: Women’s Liberation in Britain ‘One Man’s Fantasy’ cartoon by Trina. ‘Letter From an Ever-Open Pussy’. ‘Nothing But the Best (Rod&Van&Mike&Alice)’ – Myles Palmer chooses ten records of Jay Kinney graphic. Full page ad for Kubrick’s Clockwork Orange. ‘Great Moments in Rock’ – self-styled Dylanologist A.J. Weberman talks about Dylan and artistic interpretations of his own ideas+pics. Oz demands an Amnesty for Drug offenders now that the head of Scotland Yard’s drug squad has been charged with conspiracy to pervert the course of justice, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Back cover film ad for Gold.

  • OZ 47 by Richard Neville

    OZ 47

    April

    Richard Neville

    Contents: Ad for Yoko Ono’s Approximately Infinite Universe. ‘My How We Laughed!’ - Felix Dennis’ editorial that is “in a sense, an obituary”. Ted Heath photo. Spike: My Lai. ‘Water… And Air’ – thinking about the planet by Alf Moorcraft + photos by Roger Perry. ‘Gentlemen of the jury… Obscenity is Like an Elephant’ – Jerome Burne talks to one of the jurors on the Nasty Tales trial. Ad for Super Fly. ‘Equal is as Equal Does’ – Michelene Wandor on equal opportunities + illustration by Adrian George. ‘Masters Of All You Survey’ – Nick Leach on politics and the US media + Wyndham Raine cartoon. 2p porn ads. ‘White Society is Breaking Down Around Us… Even its Myths are Dead’ Peter Collier interviews Vine Deloria about Native Americans. ‘One of Our Satellites is Missing’ –freaks divert communications satellite + Pearce Marchbank graphic. Centrespread - Enoch Powell on a pogo stick – “Revealed! Enoch’s send ‘em home brainwave”. Nasty Tales & Cozmic Comics ads. 5p OZ mail order. ’The Heroes Unwelcome Return’ – Nick Leach interviews Hakim Gahtan Abdulla, General Secretary of the American Servicemen’s Union.+ veterans photos. ‘Beheadings’: 6p photos by Charles Harbutt. ‘The Seeker’ – Roger Hutchinson on poet Derek Elm + photo by Edward Bell. Pierce Marchbank photo illustration. LP reviews: Nuggets: Original Artyfacts from the First Psychedelic Era, Solid Gold Rock & Roll (reviewed by Jonathon Green). Woody Allen Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex ad. Kraftwerk ad. Flying saucer illustration, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. LP reviews: Will the Circle be Unbroken, Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, Joe Cocker, Soft Machine, Loudon Wainwright III, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Streisand, Yoko Torrent Archives - Malik Softs + cartoon portrait. Book review: Women, Resistance and Revolution by Sheila Rowbotham (reviewed by Alison Fell). A&M Records ad. Back cover sun over the sea photo.

  • OZ 48 by Richard Neville

    OZ 48

    November

    Richard Neville

    Contents: The last issue, nudes & Nixon cover. Allman Brothers & New York Dolls ads. ‘The Last Issue’ editorial by Felix Dennis + Jim Leon graphic. Enoch Powell into Hitler strip by Roy Knipe. ‘What Went Wrong?’ – David Widgery’s goodbye to the counter-culture Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Red Saunders photo of Christ with Coca Cola. ‘In Search of the Almighty’ – Timothy Kidd on American tourists. ‘Once It’s Started’ – short story by Mick Farren + graphic. Jimi Hendrix & Janis Joplin graphic by William Rankin. ‘Everybody’s in Showbiz, Everybody’s a Star’ - Jim Anderson on redundancy, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, travel, and puppet theatre. Full page Ogoth/Cozmic Comics ad. Warner Bros ad/goodbye to OZ letter from Derek Taylor. ‘The Suede Jackboot’ – a speculative guide to fascism and latent fascism in Britain by Duncan Campbell + illustrations by Bill Sanderson. 2p A&M Records ad. DJM Distributors ad. ‘The Strange Case of Southall Police Station – police racism by Don Atyeo + illustrations by Paul Simmons. “Goodbye OZ but the music of Santana lives on” CBS ad. Other Guides ad. Film ad for The Rocky Horror Show. Dracula Annual ad. 2p Climax/Private ads. Centrespread photo from Years of Erotica. Full page John Lennon Mind Games ad. ‘The Making of a Junta Culture’ – Dick Pountain on the end of democracy in Chile. 2p ad for Pink Floyd’s A Nice Pair. ‘Jailed Drug Cult Guru Speaks: “They Took Away My Credit Card” – an exclusive OZ interview with Timothy Leary + photos. Eddie Kendricks and Marvin Gaye ads. Compendium Books ad. Film reviews: Swastika, Electra Glide in Blue, The Long Goodbye, El Topo. Playpower ad. Edward cartoon/OZ back issues. Charisma ad. Rand H. Holmes cartoon Book reviews: What the Censor Saw by John Trevelyan, Strange Ecstasies edited by Michel Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Billion Year Spree by Brian Aldiss. LP reviews: David Bowie Pin Ups, Spirit, Suzi Quatro, The Who Quadrophenia + Rod Beddall illustration, Count Ossie, Bonnie Raitt. Traffic-On the Road ad. ‘Telex From Australia…’ by Richard Neville. Graphic by Adrian George. El Topo ad. Ad for Yoko Ono’s Run Run Run/Men Men Men, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. 3p ‘Wanker’s World’ dirty book semi-parody. 2p Imported porn ad. ‘Quadrophony’ – Eric Robbie on quadraphonic sound systems + Mike Moore graphics. 2p ‘Death Poem’ and Martin Sharp Van Goch/Superman montage – “Please Clark – Torrent Archives - Malik Softs walk out on me! You’re the only secret identity I’ve got!” Time Out, Speed inc, Grounation ads. Inside and back cover ‘The Guitar Album’ guitarist cigarette cards.

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    DYNAMIC BOOK SEARCH USING RFID TECHNOLOGY (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.us Kumar Jain, T. Rama Krishna

     

    AIR ENTRAPMENT ANALYSIS OF CASTING (TURBINE HOUSING) FOR SHELL MOULDING PROCESS USING SIMULATION TEHNIQUE (page )

    Prasad P Lagad

     

    DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ADVANCED ARM BASED SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION (page )

    Jadhav Gauri J.

     

    EFFICIENT SCHEME FOR DATA TRANSFER USING XOR NETWORK CODING (page )

    Anjali Gupta

     

    A NOVEL POCLCATALYZED EXPEDITIOUS SYNTHESIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF 5-SUBTITUED-2 ARYLBENZALAMINO-1,3,4- THIADIAZOLE (page )

    Shalini Jaiswal, Shailja Sigh

     

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    G Siva Kumar, Dr. I. SanthiPrabha

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.usd Faisal

     

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    Priya.G, Ramani.G, Revathy.G

     

    MULTIPLE HARMONICS ELIMINATION IN HYBRID MULTILEVEL INVERTER USING Torrent Archives - Malik Softs COMPUTING TECHNIQUE (page )

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    The vibrational spectroscopic (FT-IR & FT RAMANA, NMR,UV) STUDY AND HOMO&LUMO ANALYSIS OF PHTHALAZINE BY DFT AND HF STUDIES (page )

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    mlbjerseyschina.usj, mlbjerseyschina.usj

     

    REVIEW PAPER ON ENERGY AUDIT OF A BOILER IN THERMAL POWER PLANT (page )

    Gaurav T. Dhanre, Urvashi T. Dhanre, Krunal Mudafale

     

     EXCOECARIA AGALLOCHA: A POTENTIAL BIOINDICATOR OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION (page )

    Shankhadeep Chakraborty Sufia Zaman and Abhijit Mitra

     

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    Dipanwita Debnath, Suman Deb, Kaushik Debnath, Subir Saha

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.us D, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Umalkar

     

    IMPROVED FUZZY TECHNOLOGY FOR EFFICIENT SEARCHING (page )

    Mr. R. P. Sabale

     

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    Mr. Yogesh B. Dongare

     

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    PRIVACY PRESERVING IN A LOCATION PROOF UPDATING SYSTEM USING ANDROID (page )

    B. A. Waghmode, S. Nandgave

     

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    Prajkta Dagade, Mansi Bhonsle

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.usevi , Dr. S. Daniel Madan raja

     

    IMPROVEMENT IN RADIATION PARAMETERS OF RECTANGULAR MICROSTRIP PATCH ANTENNA (page )

    Monika Kiroriwal, Sanyog Rawat

     

    AN IMPLEMENTATION OF LSB STEGANOGRAPHY USING DWT TECHNIQUE (page )

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    FAULT TOLERANT OVER HARDWARE EFFICIENT FIR FILTER (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.usha , mlbjerseyschina.usmoorthy 

     

     IMPLEMENTATION OF FRUIT GRADING SYSTEM BY IMAGE PROCESSING AND DATA CLASSIFIER (page )

    Anuradha P. Gawande , Prof. S.S. Dhande 

     

    Removed 

     

     

    A SURVEY ON REKEYING FRAMEWORK FOR SECURE MULTICAST (page )

    Hitesh Patil

     

    A SURVEY ABOUT KEY PRE-DISTRIBUTION SCHEME IN WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS (page )

    Amol Abhiman Magar

     

    POWER AWARE ROUTING FOR PATH SELECTION WITH MINIMUM TRAFFIC IN MOBILE ADHOC NETWORK (page )

    Sathya.E,Rajpriya.G

     

    EMOTICON- BASED UNSUPERVISED SENTIMENT CLASSIFIER FOR POLARITY ANALYSIS IN TWEETS (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.usni, Prof B.K. Patil

     

    RFID AUTHENTICATION PROTOCOL FOR SECURING AND PRIVACY MAINTENANCE IN CLOUD BASED EMPLOYEE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (page )

    ArchanaThange

     

     OPTIMAL LOW SWITCHING FREQUENCY PULSE WIDTH MODULATION OF FIFTEEN- LEVEL HYBRID INVERTER (page )

    Vasanth V, Prabu M

     

    MODIFIED BIDIRECTIONAL QUASI Z-SOURCE INVERTER DESIGN WITH NEURO FUZZY CONTROL TECHNIQUE (page )

    Barna Prince.M, Jamuna.P

     

    BIG DATA USING HADOOP (page )

    Dinesh D. Jagtap, Prof B. K. Patil

     

    WINLAR (SOLAR AND WIND ENERGY SYSTEM) (page )

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    mlbjerseyschina.usrna mlbjerseyschina.usre, Prof. Shailesh Dhomne,mlbjerseyschina.us mlbjerseyschina.usskar

     

    SECURITY IN CLOUD COMPUTING (page )

    OmarAbd Al-kaderkalaf

     

    STANARDUZATION OF PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR NEEM OIL & DETERMINATION OF PROPERTIES FOR USING AS A FUEL (page )

    Suman Singh ,mlbjerseyschina.us Kirtiraj Gaikwad

     

    AN ENHANCED DETECTION OF FAKE VEHICLE IDENTITY IN VANET (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.usvel , mlbjerseyschina.uskeyini 

     

     A FRAMEWORK FOR ROUTING ASSISTED TRAFFIC MONITORING (page Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Krishna Kumar, mlbjerseyschina.us baba

     

    RELATIONAL KEYWORD SEARCH SYSTEM (page )

    Pradeep M. Ghige, Prof, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Ruhi R. Kabra

     

    SUPPLIER SELECTION BY USING MULTI CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.us, V, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Diwakar Reddy, A. Naga Phaneendra

     

    VEHICLE COLLISION RECOGNITION AND MONITORING SYSTEM BASED ON AVR PLATFORM (page ) 

    Apurva Mane, Prof. Jaideep Rana

     

    HYBRID COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING MIMO-OFDM (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.us, S Mallikarjun Rao

     

    ANDROID SUBURBAN BUS TICKET SYSTEM (page )

    Kushal Pal Singh, Saurabh Kulkarni, Harshdev Singh Randhawa, Deepesh Jain, Prof L.J. Sankpal

     

    LIMNOLOGICAL STUDY OF DAL LAKE SRINAGAR J AND K (page )

    Muzaffar U Zaman Khan, Ishtiyaq Majeed Ganaie, Kowsar Torrent Archives - Malik Softs Bhat

     

    GPS BASED AND SOLDIER TRACKING WITH EMERGENCY MESSAGES AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS  (page )

    Mr. Palve Pramod

     

    AN EFFICIENT IMPLEMENTATION OF SPEED PFC OF INTERLEAVED CONVERTER FED BLDC MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM (page )

    SuthesKumar.P, Prabhakaran.S

     

     NUTRITIONAL CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIAN TRADITIONAL PURANPOLI (page )

    Nitin G. Suradkar, Deepika Kamble  and Varsha Fulpagar

     

    A STUDY OF FAULT MANAGEMENT ALGORITHM AND RECOVER THE FACULTY NODE USING THE FNR ALGORITHMS FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (page )

    Mr. Takale Dattatray, mlbjerseyschina.usarshi Amrit

     

    REMOVED(page )

     

    EFFECT OF CARBON NANOTUBES ADDITION ON FRACTURE TOUGHNESS IN ALUMINIUM SILICON CARBIDE COMPOSITE (page )

    Binoy C.N, Sijo M.T

     

    LEACHATE POLLUTION OF COCOYAM AND PAWPAW CROPS GROWN AROUND ANAEKIE OBIAKOR ILLEGAL DUMPSITE, AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA (page )

    Onwuka, Shalom U. Solomon, Bessie E. 

     

    IMPROVED RELIABLE BASED NODE CLASSIFICATION USING DISSECT METHOD IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK (page )

    Mr. N. SENTHIL KUMARAN, M.C.A.mlbjerseyschina.us PRIYA

     

    IMPLEMENTATION OF FAST NORMALIZED CROSS CORRELATION ALGORITHM FOR LARGE SCALE IMAGE SEARCH (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.uskumar, mlbjerseyschina.ushi

     

    SENSORY EVALUATION OF OPTIMIZED AND STABILIZED SUGARCANE JUICE (page )

    Suman Singh ,mlbjerseyschina.us, Kirtiraj Gaikwad

     

    ACTIVE AND REACTIVE POWER CONTROL USING UPFC (page )

    Vaishali Kuralkar

     

     CONGESTION MANAGEMENT IN DEREGULATED POWER SYSTEM USING FAST CONTROLLER (page )

    Ms. Namrata Rao

     

    STATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF RAILWAY TRACK SLEEPER (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.use Kumar, mlbjerseyschina.usivarao

     

    A SURVEY ON DATA MINING METHODS FOR MALWARE DETECTION (page )

    Ms, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Shital Balkrishna Kuber

     

    STUDY OF INFREQUENT ITEMSET MINING TECHNIQUES (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.usiTukaramBhandwalkar,mlbjerseyschina.ushonsle

     

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    Richard Geo, Jose Sheril D’cotha

     

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    RELIABLE INTEGRITY SECURITY AUDITING USING ISOLATION PRESERVING MODEL FOR MULTI CLOUD ENVIRONMENTS (page )

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    ANALYSIS OF EFFECTIVE MULTI USER DISTRIBUTION KEY MANAGEMENT Torrent Archives - Malik Softs IN CLOUD DATABASE (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.usa, mlbjerseyschina.usela 

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.usya, mlbjerseyschina.usdharan

     

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    ANALYSIS OF WORKFLOW SCHEDULING PROCESS USING ENHANCED SUPERIOR ELEMENT MULTITUDE OPTIMIZATION IN CLOUD (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.uselvi, mlbjerseyschina.us

     

    REVIEW OF LITERATURE SURVEY ON EFFECT OF THERMAL COATING ON CYLINDER AND PISTON CROWN (page )

    mlbjerseyschina.us D. Patel, mlbjerseyschina.us Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Mevada, Prof. Dhaval P. Patel

     

     

    FLOW SIMULATION AND PERFORMANCE PREDICTION OF CROSS FLOW TURBINE USING CFD TOOL (page )

    Misrak Girma and Edessa Dribssa

     

    ANALYSIS OF JAMMER CIRCUIT (page )

    Chirag Gupta, Nitin Garg

     

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    Ms Lavanya Thunuguntla, Saritha Sapa

     

    FAST FEATURE SUBSET SELECTION ALGORITHM BASED ON CLUSTERING FOR HIGH DIMENSIONAL DATA (page )

    Mrs. Komal Kate, Prof. S. D. Potdukhe

     

    EXTENDING KNOWLEDGE BASES USING VARIOUS NEUTRAL NETWORK MODELS- A SURVEY (page )

    Sagarika Sahoo, Avani Jadeja

     

    FUZZY BASED MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL FOR A QUADRUPLE TANK SYSTEM (page )

    Harihara Subramaniam S C, Harish C

     

    THE SUN AND ITS ACTIVITIES (page )

    Geeta Rana, M K Yadav

     

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    Vengatesh.D,  Chandramohan.V 

     

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    Sarath paul, Rathish R

     

    HOMOMORPHIC AUTHENTICABLE RING SIGNATURE (HARS) MECHANISM FOR PUBLIC AUDITING ON SHARED DATA IN THE CLOUD (ORUTA)(page )

    mlbjerseyschina.us M. Kamble, mlbjerseyschina.us

     

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    Vivek B. Satpute

     

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    Claudia-Georgeta CARSTEA

     

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    Anilkumar K, Srinivasa Chari.V, Hareesha.M.S

     

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    Kshitij Fulsoundar, Tushar Kadlag, Sanman Bhadale, Pratik BharvirkarProf mlbjerseyschina.us

     

    ANALYSIS OF SCHEDULING NESTED TRANSACTIONS IN DISTRIBUTED REAL-TIME ENVIRONMENT (page )

    Anup A. Dange, Prof. Neha Khatri-Valmik

     

    DATA SHARING IN CLOUD STORAGE WITH KEY AGGREGATE CRYPTOSYSTEM (page )

    Mrs. Komal Kate, Prof. S. D. Potdukhe

     

    A SURVEY PAPER ON SECURITY ISSUES IN SATELLITE COMMUNICATION NETWORK INFRASTRUCTURE (page )

    Syed Muhammad Jamil Shah, Ammar Nasir, Hafeez Ahmed

     

    ADAPTIVE MULTICAST FOR DELAY TOLERANT NETWORK USING AOMDV PROTOCOL (page )

    Shilpa Gangele, Prof. Nilesh Bodne

     

    SURVEY OF SOCIAL TAGGING WITH ASSISTANCE OF GEO-TAGS AND PERSONALIZATION (page )

    PrasannaS. Wadekar

     

    REVIEW ON COLLABORATIVE FILTERING AND WEB SERVICES RECOMMENDATION (page )

    Pradip N. Shendage

     

    SURVEY OF LARGE SCALE HIERARCHICAL CLASSIFICATION (page )

    Ms, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Ankita A. Burungale, Prof. Dinesh A. Zende

     

    COMPLETE BUG REPORT SUMMARIZATION USING TASK-BASED EVALUATION : A SURVEY (page )

    Miss. R. mlbjerseyschina.us, Prof. S. A. Shinde

     

    REVIEW ON TECHNIQUES OF COLLABORATIVE TAGGING (page )

    Ms. Benazeer S. Inamdar, Mrs. Gyankamal J. Chhajed

     

    SURVEY ON GRAPH-BASED VIDEO SEQUENCE MATCHING &BoFs METHOD FOR VIDEO COPY DETECTION (page )

    Avinash H. Kakade, Prof. JadhavMeenal

     

    SURVEY OF SOCIAL INFLUENCE ANALYSIS (page )

    Swati A. Adhav

     

    SURVEY OF SEARCHING NEAREST NEIGHBOR BASED ON KEYWORDS USING SPATIAL INVERTED INDEX (page )

    Shilpa B. Patil

     

    SURVEY OF PUBLIC SENTIMENT INTERPRETATION ON TWITTER (page )

    Ms, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. Devaki V. Ingule, mlbjerseyschina.usmal J. Chhajed

     

    HOLLOW NANO SPHERES FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES (page )

    Venkatesh Yepuri

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.usya, mlbjerseyschina.usth, mlbjerseyschina.us

     

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    SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT RISK MANAGEMENT USING OODA LOOP (page )

    Sanjeev Kumar Punia, Dr. Anuj Kumar, Dr. Kuldeep Malik

     

    PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT OF TUBE BANK HEAT EXCHANGER USING PASSIVE TECHNIQUES : A REVIEW (page )

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    Jagat Dhiman, Dileep Kumar

     

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    Ahmed Majeed Ghadhban

     

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    mlbjerseyschina.usi Sopan Shidore,mlbjerseyschina.us M.R

     

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    Источник: [mlbjerseyschina.us]

    Wikipedia

    Multilingual free Torrent Archives - Malik Softs encyclopedia

    This article is about Wikipedia. For Wikipedia's home page, see Main Page. For the English edition, see English Wikipedia. For a list of Wikipedias in other languages, see List of Wikipedias. For other uses, see Wikipedia (disambiguation).

    Wikipedia (wik-ih-PEE-dee-ə or wik-ee-) is a free content, multilingual online encyclopedia written and maintained by a community of Torrent Archives - Malik Softs through a model of open collaboration, using a wiki-based editing system. Individual contributors, also called editors, are known as Wikipedians. It is the largest and most-read reference work in history,[3] and consistently one of the 15 most popular websites ranked by Alexa; as of ,[update] Wikipedia was ranked the 13th most popular site.[3][4] A visitor spends an average time on Wikipedia of 3 minutes and 45 seconds each day.[5] It is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, an American non-profit organization funded mainly through small donations.[6]

    Wikipedia was launched on January 15,by Jimmy Wales[7] and Larry Sanger; Sanger coined its name as a blending of "wiki" and "encyclopedia".[8] Initially available only in English, versions in other languages were quickly developed. Its combined editions comprise more than 57 million articles, attracting around 2&#;billion unique device visits per month, and more than 17 million edits per month (&#;edits per second).[10][11] InTorrent Archives - Malik Softs, Time magazine stated that the policy of allowing anyone to edit had made Wikipedia the "biggest Torrent Archives - Malik Softs perhaps best) encyclopedia in the world", and is "a testament to the vision of one man, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Jimmy Wales".[12]

    Wikipedia has received praise for its enablement of the democratization of knowledge, extent of coverage, unique structure, culture, and reduced amount of commercial bias, but criticism for exhibiting systemic bias, particularly gender bias against women and alleged ideological bias.[13][14]Its reliability was Torrent Archives - Malik Softs criticized in the s, but has improved over time and has been generally praised in the late s and early s.[3][13][15] Its coverage of controversial topics such as American politics and major events such as the COVID pandemic has received substantial media attention. It has been censored by world governments, ranging from specific pages to the entire site. It has become an element of popular culture, with references in books, films and academic studies. InFacebook and YouTube announced that they would help users detect fake news by suggesting fact-checking links to related Wikipedia articles.[16][17]

    History

    Main article: History of Wikipedia

    Nupedia

    Main article: Nupedia

    Logo reading "mlbjerseyschina.us the free encyclopedia" in blue with the large initial "N"
    Wikipedia originally developed from another encyclopedia project called Nupedia.

    Other collaborative online encyclopedias were attempted before Wikipedia, but none were as successful.[18] Wikipedia began as a complementary project for Nupedia, a free online English-language encyclopedia project whose articles were written by experts and reviewed under a formal process.[19] It was founded on March 9,under the ownership of Bomis, a web portal company. Its main figures were Bomis CEO Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia.[1][20] Nupedia was initially licensed under its own Nupedia Open Content License, but even before Wikipedia was founded, Nupedia switched to the GNU Free Documentation License at the urging of Richard Stallman.[21] Wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publicly editable encyclopedia,[22][23] while Sanger is credited with the strategy of using a wiki to reach that goal.[24] On January 10,Sanger proposed on the Nupedia mailing list to create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia.[25]

    Launch and early growth

    The domainsmlbjerseyschina.us (later redirecting to mlbjerseyschina.us) and mlbjerseyschina.us were registered on January 12, ,[26] and January 13, ,[27] respectively, and Wikipedia was launched on January 15, [19] as a single English-language edition at mlbjerseyschina.us,[28] and announced by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list.[22] Its policy of "neutral point-of-view"[29] was codified in its first few months. Otherwise, there were initially relatively few rules, and it operated independently of Nupedia.[22] Bomis originally intended it as a business for profit.[30]

    The Wikipedia home page on December 20,

    English Wikipedia editors with > edits per month[31]

    Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia, Slashdot postings, and web search engine indexing. Language editions were also created, with a total of by the end of [33] Nupedia and Wikipedia coexisted until the former's servers were taken down permanently inand its text was incorporated into Wikipedia. The English Wikipedia passed the mark of two million articles on September 9,making it the largest encyclopedia ever assembled, surpassing the Yongle Encyclopedia made during the Ming Dynasty inwhich had held the record for almost &#;years.[34]

    Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control, users of the Spanish Wikipediaforked from Wikipedia to create Enciclopedia Libre in February [35] Wales then announced that Wikipedia would not display advertisements, and changed Wikipedia's domain from mlbjerseyschina.us to mlbjerseyschina.us.[36][37]

    Though the English Wikipedia reached three million articles in Augustthe growth of the edition, in terms of the numbers of new articles and of editors, appears to have peaked around early [38] Around 1, articles were added daily to the encyclopedia in ; by that average was roughly [39] A team at the Palo Alto Research Center attributed this slowing of growth to the project's increasing exclusivity and resistance to change.[40] Others suggest that the growth is flattening naturally because articles that could be called "low-hanging fruit"—topics that clearly merit an article—have already been created and built up extensively.[41][42][43]

    In Novembera researcher at the Rey Juan Carlos University in Madrid found that the English Wikipedia had lost 49, editors during the first three months of ; in comparison, it lost only 4, editors during the same period in [44][45]The Wall Street Journal cited the array of rules applied to editing and disputes related to such content among the reasons for this trend.[46] Wales disputed these claims indenying the decline and questioning the study's methodology.[47] Two years later, inhe acknowledged a slight decline, noting a decrease from "a little more than 36, writers" in June to 35, in June In the same interview, he also claimed the number of editors was "stable and sustainable".[48] A MIT Technology Review article, "The Decline of Wikipedia", questioned this claim, revealing that sinceWikipedia had lost a third of its volunteer editors, and that those remaining had Torrent Archives - Malik Softs increasingly on minutiae.[49] In JulyThe Atlantic reported that the number of administrators was also in decline.[50] In the November 25, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs,issue of New York magazine, Katherine Ward stated, "Wikipedia, the sixth-most-used website, is facing an internal crisis."[51]

    Milestones

    Cartogramshowing number of articles in each European language as of January&#;[update]One square represents 10, articles. Languages with fewer than 10, articles are represented by one square. Languages are grouped by language family and each language family is presented by a separate color.

    In JanuaryWikipedia first became one of the ten most popular websites in the US, according to comscore Networks. With &#;million Torrent Archives - Malik Softs visitors, it was ranked #9, surpassing The New York Times (#10) and Apple (#11), Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. This marked a significant increase over Januarywhen Wikipedia ranked 33rd, with around &#;million unique visitors.[52] As of March&#;[update], it ranked 13th[4] in popularity according to Alexa Internet. Init received eight billion page views every month.[53] On February 9,The New York Times reported that Wikipedia had 18&#;billion page views and nearly &#;million unique Torrent Archives - Malik Softs a month, "according to the ratings firm comScore".[10] Loveland and Reagle argue that, in process, Wikipedia follows a long tradition of historical encyclopedias that have accumulated improvements piecemeal through "stigmergic accumulation".[54][55]

    On January 18,the English Wikipedia participated in a series of coordinated protests against two proposed laws in the United States Congress—the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA)—by blacking out its pages for 24 hours.[56] More than &#;million people viewed the blackout explanation page that temporarily replaced its content.[57][58]

    On January 20,Subodh Varma reporting for The Economic Times indicated that not only had Wikipedia's growth stalled, it "had lost nearly ten percent of its page views last year. There was a decline of about two billion between December and December Its most popular versions are leading the slide: page-views of the English Wikipedia declined by twelve percent, those of German version slid by 17 percent and the Japanese version lost nine percent."[59] Varma added, "While Wikipedia's managers think that Torrent Archives - Malik Softs could be due to errors in counting, other experts feel that Google's Knowledge Graphs project launched last year may be gobbling up Wikipedia users."[59] When contacted on this matter, Clay Shirky, associate professor at New York University and fellow at Harvard's Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society said that he suspected much of the page-view decline was due to Knowledge Graphs, stating, "If you can get your question answered from the search page, you don't need to click [any further]."[59] By the end of DecemberWikipedia was ranked the 5th most popular website globally.[60]

    In JanuaryWikipedia, an asteroid, was named after Wikipedia; in OctoberWikipedia was honored with the Wikipedia Monument; and, in Julyof the 7, page volumes of Wikipedia became available as Print Wikipedia. In AprilTorrent Archives - Malik Softs, an Israeli lunar lander, Beresheet, crash landed on the surface of the Moon carrying a copy of nearly all of the English Wikipedia engraved on thin nickel plates; experts say the plates likely survived the crash.[61][62] In Junescientists reported that all 16&#;GB of article text from the English Wikipedia had been encoded into synthetic DNA.[63]

    Current state

    On January 23,the English-language Wikipedia, which is the largest language section of the online encyclopedia, published its six millionth article.

    By FebruaryWikipedia ranked eleventh in the world in terms of Internet traffic.[64] As a key resource for disseminating information related to COVID, the World Health Organization has partnered with Wikipedia to help combat the spread of misinformation.[65][66]

    Wikipedia accepts cryptocurrency donations and Basic Attention Token.[67][68][69]

    Openness

    Differences between versions of an article are highlighted

    Unlike traditional encyclopedias, Wikipedia follows the procrastination principle[note 3] regarding the security of its content.[70]

    Restrictions

    Due to Wikipedia's increasing popularity, some editions, including the English version, have introduced editing restrictions for certain cases. For instance, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, on the English Wikipedia and some other language editions, only registered users may create a new article.[71] On the English Wikipedia, among others, particularly controversial, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, sensitive or vandalism-prone pages have been protected to varying degrees.[72][73] A frequently vandalized article can be "semi-protected" or "extended confirmed protected", meaning that only "autoconfirmed" or "extended confirmed" editors can modify it.[74] A particularly contentious article may be locked so that only administrators can make changes.[75] A article in the Columbia Journalism Review identified Wikipedia's page-protection policies as "[p]erhaps the most important" means at its disposal to "regulate its market of ideas".[76]

    In certain cases, all editors are allowed to submit modifications, but review is required for some editors, depending on certain conditions. For example, the German Wikipedia maintains "stable versions" of articles[77] which have passed certain reviews. Following protracted trials and community discussion, the English Wikipedia introduced the "pending changes" system in December Under this system, new and unregistered users' edits to certain controversial or vandalism-prone articles are reviewed by established users before they are published.[79]

    Wikipedia's editing interface

    Review of changes

    Although changes are not systematically reviewed, the software that powers Wikipedia provides Torrent Archives - Malik Softs allowing anyone to review changes made by others. Each article's History page links to each revision.[note 4][80] On most articles, anyone can undo others' changes by clicking a link on the article's History page. Anyone can view the latest changes to articles, and anyone registered may maintain a "watchlist" of articles that interest them so they can be notified of changes. "New pages patrol" is a process where newly created articles are checked for obvious problems.[81]

    Ineconomics Ph.D. student Andrea Ciffolilli argued that the low transaction costs of participating in a wiki created a catalyst for collaborative development, and that features such as allowing easy access to past versions of a page favored "creative construction" over "creative destruction".[82]

    Vandalism

    Main article: Vandalism on Wikipedia

    Any change or edit that manipulates content in a way that purposefully compromises Wikipedia's integrity is considered vandalism. The most common and obvious types of vandalism include additions of obscenities and crude humor; it can also include advertising and other types of spam.[83] Sometimes editors commit vandalism by removing content or entirely blanking a given page. Less common types of vandalism, such as the deliberate addition of plausible but false information, can be more difficult to detect. Vandals can introduce irrelevant formatting, modify page semantics such as the page's title or categorization, manipulate the article's underlying code, or use images disruptively.[84]

    Obvious vandalism is generally easy to remove from Wikipedia articles; the median time to detect and fix it is a few minutes.[85][86] However, some vandalism takes much longer to detect and repair.[87]

    In the Seigenthaler biography incident, an anonymous editor introduced false information into the biography of American political figure John Seigenthaler in Mayfalsely presenting him as a suspect in the assassination of John F. Kennedy.[87] It remained uncorrected for four months.[87] Seigenthaler, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, the founding editorial director of USA Today and founder of the Freedom ForumFirst Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University, called Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales and asked whether he had any way of knowing who contributed the misinformation. Wales said he did not, although the perpetrator was eventually traced.[88][89] After the incident, Seigenthaler described Wikipedia as "a flawed and irresponsible research tool".[87] The incident led to policy changes at Wikipedia for tightening up the verifiability of biographical articles of living people.[90]

    InDaniel Tosh encouraged viewers of his show, Tosh.0, to visit the show's Wikipedia article and edit it at will. On a later episode, he commented on the edits to the article, most of them offensive, which had been made by the audience and had prompted the article to be locked from editing.[91][92]

    Edit warring

    Wikipedians often have disputes regarding content, which may result in repeated competing changes to an article, known as "edit warring".[93][94] It is widely seen as a resource-consuming scenario where no useful knowledge is added,[95] and criticized as creating a competitive[96] and conflict-based[97] editing culture associated with traditional masculine gender roles.[98]

    Policies and laws

    Content in Wikipedia is subject to the laws (in particular, copyright laws) of the United States and of the US state of Virginia, where the majority of Wikipedia's servers are located. Beyond legal matters, the editorial principles of Wikipedia are embodied in the "five pillars" and in numerous policies and guidelines intended to appropriately shape content. Even these rules are stored in wiki form, and Wikipedia editors write and revise the website's policies and guidelines.[99] Editors can enforce these rules by deleting or modifying non-compliant material. Originally, rules on the non-English editions of Wikipedia were based on a translation of the rules for the English Wikipedia. They have since diverged to some extent.[77]

    Content policies and guidelines

    According to the rules on the English Wikipedia, each entry in Wikipedia must be about a topic that is encyclopedic and is not a dictionary entry or dictionary-style.[] A topic should also meet Wikipedia's standards of "notability",[] which generally means that the topic must have been covered in mainstream media or major academic journal sources that are independent of the article's subject. Further, Wikipedia intends to convey only knowledge that is already established and recognized.[] It must not present original research. A claim that is likely to be challenged requires a reference to a reliable source. Among Wikipedia editors, this is often phrased as "verifiability, not truth" to express the idea that the readers, not the encyclopedia, are ultimately responsible for checking the truthfulness of the articles and making their own interpretations.[] This can at times lead to the removal of information that, though valid, is not properly sourced.[] Finally, Wikipedia must not take sides.[]

    Governance

    Further information: Wikipedia:Administration

    Wikipedia's initial anarchy integrated democratic and hierarchical elements over time.[][] An article is not considered to be owned by its creator or any other editor, nor by the subject of the article.[]

    Administrators

    Editors in good standing in the community can request extra user rights, granting them the technical ability to perform certain special actions. In particular, editors can choose to run for "adminship",[][] which includes the ability to delete pages or prevent them from being changed in cases of severe vandalism or editorial disputes. Administrators are not supposed to enjoy any special privilege in decision-making; instead, their powers are mostly limited to making edits that have project-wide effects and thus are disallowed to ordinary editors, and to implement restrictions intended to prevent disruptive editors from making unproductive edits.[][]

    Byfewer editors were becoming administrators compared to Wikipedia's earlier years, in part because the process of vetting potential administrators had become more rigorous.[]

    Dispute resolution

    Over time, Wikipedia has developed a semiformal dispute resolution process. To determine community consensus, editors can raise Diablo 2 Classic crack serial keygen at appropriate community forums,[note 5] seek outside input through third opinion requests, or initiate a more general community discussion known as a "request for comment".

    Arbitration Committee

    Main article: Arbitration Committee

    The Arbitration Committee presides over the ultimate dispute resolution process. Although disputes usually arise from a disagreement between two opposing views on how an article should Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, the Arbitration Committee explicitly refuses to directly rule on the specific view that should be adopted. Statistical analyses suggest that the committee ignores the content of disputes and rather focuses on the way disputes are conducted,[] functioning not so much to resolve disputes and make peace between conflicting editors, but to weed out problematic editors while allowing potentially productive editors back in to participate. Therefore, the committee does not dictate the content of articles, although it sometimes condemns content changes when it deems the new content violates Wikipedia policies (for example, if the new content is considered biased). Its remedies include cautions and probations (used in 63% of cases) and banning editors from articles (43%), subject matters (23%), or Wikipedia (16%).[when?] Complete bans from Wikipedia are generally limited to instances of impersonation and anti-social behavior. When conduct is not impersonation or anti-social, but rather anti-consensus or in violation of editing policies, remedies tend to be limited to warnings.[]

    Main article: Wikipedia community

    Each article and each user of Wikipedia has an associated "talk" page. These form the primary communication channel for editors to discuss, coordinate and debate.[]

    Wikipedia's community has been described as cultlike,[] although not always with entirely negative connotations.[] Its preference for cohesiveness, even if it requires compromise that includes disregard of credentials, has been referred to as "anti-elitism".[]

    Wikipedians sometimes award one another "virtual barnstars" for good work. These personalized tokens of appreciation reveal a wide range of valued work extending far beyond simple editing to include social support, administrative actions, and types of articulation work.[]

    Wikipedia does not require that its editors and contributors provide identification.[] As Wikipedia grew, "Who writes Wikipedia?" became one of the questions frequently asked there.[] Jimmy Wales once argued that only "a community&#; a dedicated group of a few hundred volunteers" makes the bulk of contributions to Wikipedia and that the project is therefore "much like any traditional organization".[] Ina Slate magazine article reported that: "According to researchers in Palo Alto, one percent of Wikipedia users are responsible for about half of the site's edits."[] This method of evaluating contributions was later disputed by Aaron Swartz, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, who noted that several articles he sampled had large portions of their content (measured by number of characters) contributed by users with low edit counts.[]

    The English Wikipedia has 6, articles, 42, registered editors, andactive editors. An editor is considered active if they have made one or more edits in the past 30 days.

    Editors who fail to comply with Wikipedia cultural rituals, such as signing talk page comments, may implicitly signal that they are Wikipedia outsiders, increasing the Torrent Archives - Malik Softs that Wikipedia insiders may target or discount their contributions. Becoming a Wikipedia insider involves non-trivial costs: the contributor is expected to learn Wikipedia-specific technological codes, submit to a sometimes convoluted dispute resolution process, and learn a "baffling culture rich with in-jokes and insider references".[] Editors who do not log in are in some sense second-class citizens on Wikipedia,[] as "participants are accredited by members of the wiki community, who have a vested interest in preserving the quality of the work product, on the basis of their ongoing participation",[] but the contribution histories of anonymous unregistered editors recognized only by their IP addresses cannot be attributed to a particular editor with certainty.

    Studies

    A study by researchers from Dartmouth College found that "anonymous and infrequent contributors to Wikipedia&#; are as reliable a source of knowledge as those contributors who register with the site".[] Jimmy Wales stated in that "[I]t turns out over 50% of all the edits are done by just .7% of the users&#; people&#; And in fact, the most active 2%, which is people, have done % of all the edits."[] However, Business Insider editor and journalist Henry Blodget showed in that in a random sample of articles, most Wikipedia content (measured by the amount of contributed text that survives to the latest sampled edit) is created by "outsiders", while most editing and formatting is done by "insiders".[]

    A study found that Wikipedians were less agreeable, open, and conscientious than others,[][] although a later commentary pointed out serious flaws, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, including that the data showed higher openness and that the differences with the control group and the samples were small.[] According to a study, there is "evidence of growing resistance from the Wikipedia community to new content".[]

    Diversity

    Several studies have shown that most Wikipedia contributors are male. Notably, the results of a Wikimedia Foundation survey in showed that only 13 percent of Wikipedia editors were female.[] Because of this, universities throughout the United States tried to encourage women to become Wikipedia contributors. Similarly, many of these universities, including Yale and Brown, gave college credit to students who create or edit an article relating to women in science or technology.[]Andrew Lih, a professor and scientist, wrote in The New York Times that the reason he thought the number of male contributors outnumbered the number of females so greatly was because identifying as a woman may expose oneself to "ugly, intimidating behavior".[] Data has shown that Africans are underrepresented among Wikipedia editors.[]

    Language editions

    Main article: List of Wikipedias

    Most popular edition of Wikipedia by country in January
    Most viewed editions of Wikipedia over time.
    Most edited editions of Wikipedia over time.

    There are currently language editions of Wikipedia (also called language versions, or simply Wikipedias). As of Novemberthe six largest, in order of article count, are the English, Cebuano, Swedish, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, German, French, and Dutch Wikipedias.[] The second and third-largest Wikipedias owe their position to the article-creating botLsjbot, which as of [update] had created about half the articles on the Swedish Wikipedia, and most of the articles in the Cebuano and Waray Wikipedias. The latter are both languages of the Philippines.

    In addition to the top six, twelve other Wikipedias have more than a million articles each (Russian, Spanish, Italian, Polish, Egyptian Arabic, Japanese, Vietnamese, Waray, Chinese, Arabic, Ukrainian and Portuguese), seven more have overarticles (Persian, Catalan, Serbian, Indonesian, Norwegian, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Korean and Finnish), 44 more have over , and 82 more have over 10,[][] The largest, the English Wikipedia, has over million articles. As of January&#;,[update] the English Wikipedia receives 48% of Wikipedia's cumulative traffic, with the remaining split among the other languages. The top 10 editions represent approximately 85% of the total traffic.[]

    1 3

    English 6,

    Cebuano 6,

    Swedish 2,

    German 2, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs 2,

    Dutch 2,

    Russian 1,

    Spanish 1,

    Italian 1,

    Polish 1,

    Egyptian Arabic 1,

    Japanese 1,

    Vietnamese 1,

    Waray 1,

    Chinese 1,

    Arabic 1,

    Ukrainian 1,

    Portuguese 1,

    Persian

    Catalan

    The unit for the numbers in bars is articles.

    Since Wikipedia is based on the Web and therefore worldwide, contributors to the same language edition may use different dialects or may come from different countries (as is the case for the English edition). These differences may lead to some conflicts over spelling differences (e.g. colour versus color)[] or points of view.[]

    Though the various language editions are held to global policies such as "neutral point of view", they diverge on some points of policy and practice, most notably on whether images that are not licensed freely may be used under a claim of fair use.[][][]

    Jimmy Wales has described Wikipedia as "an effort to create and distribute a free encyclopedia of the highest possible quality to every single person on the planet in their own language".[] Though each language edition functions more or less independently, some efforts are made to Torrent Archives - Malik Softs them all. They are coordinated in part by Meta-Wiki, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, the Wikimedia Foundation's wiki devoted to maintaining all its projects (Wikipedia and others).[] For instance, Meta-Wiki provides important statistics on all language editions of Wikipedia,[] and it maintains a list of articles every Wikipedia should have.[] The list concerns basic content by subject: biography, history, geography, society, culture, science, technology, and mathematics. It is not rare for articles strongly related to a particular language not to have counterparts in another edition. For example, articles about small towns in the United States might be available only in English, even when they meet the notability criteria of other language Wikipedia projects.

    Estimation of contributions shares from different regions in the world to different Wikipedia editions[]

    Translated articles represent only a small portion of articles in most editions, in part because those editions do not allow fully automated translation of articles. Articles available in more than one language may offer "interwiki links", which link to the counterpart articles in other editions.[citation needed]

    A study published by PLOS One in Torrent Archives - Malik Softs estimated the share of contributions to different editions of Wikipedia from different regions of the world. It reported that the proportion of the edits made from North America was 51% for the English Wikipedia, and 25% for the simple English Wikipedia.[]

    English Wikipedia editor numbers

    Number of editors on the English Wikipedia over time.

    On March 1,The Economist, in an article titled "The Future of Wikipedia", cited a trend analysis concerning data published by the Wikimedia Foundation stating that "[t]he number of editors for the English-language version has fallen by a third in seven years."[] The attrition rate for active editors in English Wikipedia was cited by The Economist as substantially in contrast to statistics for Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia). The Economist reported that the number of contributors with an average of five or more edits per month was relatively constant since for Wikipedia in other languages at approximately 42, editors within narrow seasonal variances of about 2, editors up or down, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. The number of active editors in English Wikipedia, by sharp comparison, was cited as peaking in at approximately 50, and dropping to 30, by the start of

    In contrast, the trend analysis published in The Economist presents Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia) as successful in retaining their active editors on a renewable and sustained basis, with their numbers remaining relatively constant at approximately 42,[] No comment was made concerning which of the differentiated edit policy standards from Wikipedia in other languages (non-English Wikipedia) would provide a possible alternative to English Wikipedia for effectively ameliorating substantial editor attrition rates on the English-language Wikipedia.[]

    Reception

    See also: Academic studies about Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia

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    Various Wikipedians have criticized Wikipedia's large and growing regulation, which includes more than fifty policies and nearlywords as of [update][][]

    Critics have stated that Wikipedia exhibits systemic bias. Incolumnist and journalist Edwin Black described Wikipedia as being a mixture of "truth, half-truth, and some falsehoods".[] Articles in The Chronicle of Higher Education and The Journal of Academic Librarianship have criticized Wikipedia's "Undue Weight" policy, concluding that the fact that Wikipedia explicitly is not designed to provide correct information about a subject, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, but rather focus on all the major viewpoints on the subject, give less attention to minor ones, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, and creates omissions that can lead to false beliefs based on incomplete information.[][][]

    Journalists Oliver Kamm and Edwin Black alleged (in and respectively) that articles are dominated by the loudest and most persistent voices, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, usually by a group with an "ax to grind" on the topic.[][] A article in Education Next Journal concluded that as a resource about controversial topics, Wikipedia is subject to manipulation and spin.[]

    InOmer Benjakob and Stephen Harrison noted that "Media coverage of Wikipedia has radically shifted over the past two decades: once cast as an intellectual frivolity, it is now lauded as the 'last bastion of shared reality' online."[]

    Inthe Wikipedia Watch criticism website listed dozens of examples of plagiarism in the English Wikipedia.[]

    Accuracy of content

    Main article: Reliability of Wikipedia

    Articles for traditional encyclopedias such as Encyclopædia Britannica are written by experts, lending such encyclopedias a reputation for accuracy.[] However, a peer review in of forty-two scientific entries on both Wikipedia and Encyclopædia Britannica by the science journal Nature found few differences in accuracy, and concluded that "the average science entry in Wikipedia contained around four inaccuracies; Britannica, about three."[] Joseph Reagle suggested that while the study reflects "a topical strength of Wikipedia contributors" in science articles, "Wikipedia may not have fared so well using a random sampling of articles or on humanities subjects."[] Others raised similar critiques.[] The findings by Nature were disputed by Encyclopædia Britannica,[][] and in response, Nature gave a rebuttal of the points raised by Britannica.[] In addition to the point-for-point disagreement between these two parties, others have examined the sample size and selection method used in the Nature effort, and suggested a "flawed study design" (in Nature's manual selection of articles, in part or in whole, for comparison), absence of statistical analysis (e.g., of reported confidence intervals), and a lack of study "statistical power" (i.e., owing to small sample size, 42 or 4&#;× 101 articles compared, vs >105 and >106 set sizes for Britannica and the English Wikipedia, respectively).[]

    As a consequence of the open structure, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Wikipedia "makes no guarantee of validity" of its content, since no one is ultimately responsible for any claims appearing in it.[] Concerns have been raised by PC World in regarding the lack of accountability that results from users' anonymity,[] the insertion of false information,[]vandalism, and similar problems.

    Economist Tyler Cowen wrote: "If I had to guess whether Wikipedia or the median refereed journal article on economics was more likely to be true after a not so long think I would opt for Wikipedia." He comments that some traditional sources of non-fiction suffer from systemic biases, and novel results, in his opinion, are over-reported MS Office Archives - Download Pro Crack Software journal articles Torrent Archives - Malik Softs well as relevant information being omitted from news reports. However, he also cautions that errors are frequently found on Internet sites and that academics and experts must be vigilant in correcting them.[]Amy Bruckman has argued that, due to the number of reviewers, "the content of a popular Wikipedia page is actually the most reliable form of information ever created".[]

    Critics argue that Wikipedia's open nature and a lack of proper sources for most of the information makes it unreliable.[] Some commentators suggest that Wikipedia may be reliable, but that the reliability Torrent Archives - Malik Softs any given article is not clear.[] Editors of traditional reference works such as the Encyclopædia Britannica have questioned the project's utility and status as an encyclopedia.[] Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales has claimed that Wikipedia has largely avoided the problem of "fake news" because the Wikipedia community regularly debates the quality of sources in articles.[]

    Wikipedia's open structure inherently makes it an easy target for Internet trolls, spammers, and various forms of paid advocacy seen as counterproductive to the maintenance of a neutral and verifiable online encyclopedia.[80][] In response to paid advocacy editing and undisclosed editing issues, Wikipedia was reported in an article in The Wall Street Journal, to have strengthened its rules and laws against undisclosed editing.[] The article stated that: "Beginning Monday [from the date of the article, June 16, ], changes in Wikipedia's terms of use will require anyone paid to edit articles to disclose that arrangement. Katherine Maher, the nonprofit Wikimedia Foundation's chief communications officer, said the changes address a sentiment among volunteer editors that, 'we're not an advertising service; we're an encyclopedia.'"[][][][][] These issues, among others, had been parodied since the first decade of Wikipedia, notably by Stephen Colbert on The Colbert Report.[]

    A Harvard law textbook, Legal Research in a Nutshell (), cites Wikipedia as a "general source" that "can be a real boon" in "coming up to speed in the law governing a situation" and, "while not authoritative, can provide basic facts as well as leads to more in-depth resources".[]

    Discouragement in education

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    Most university lecturers discourage students from citing any encyclopedia in academic work, preferring primary sources;[] some specifically prohibit Wikipedia citations. Wales stresses that encyclopedias of any type are not usually appropriate to use as citable sources, and should not be relied upon as authoritative.[] Wales once ( or earlier) said he receives about ten emails weekly from students saying they got failing grades on papers because they cited Wikipedia; he told the students they got what they deserved. "For God's sake, you're in college; don't cite the encyclopedia," he said.[]

    In Februaryan article in The Harvard Crimson newspaper reported that a few of the professors at Harvard University were including Wikipedia articles in their syllabi, although without realizing the articles might change.[] In Juneformer president of the American Library AssociationMichael Gorman condemned Wikipedia, along with Google,[] stating that academics who endorse the use of Wikipedia are "the intellectual equivalent of a dietitian who recommends a steady diet of Big Macs with everything".

    In contrast, academic writing[clarification needed] in Wikipedia has evolved in recent years and has been found to increase student interest, personal Torrent Archives - Malik Softs to the product, creativity in material processing, and international collaboration in the learning process.[]

    Medical information

    See also: Health information on Wikipedia

    On March 5,Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, Julie Beck writing for The Atlantic magazine in an article titled "Doctors' #1 Source for Healthcare Information: Wikipedia", stated that "Fifty percent of physicians look up conditions on the (Wikipedia) site, and some are editing articles themselves to improve the quality of available information."[] Beck continued to detail in this article new programs of Amin Azzam at the University of San Francisco to offer medical school courses to medical students for learning to edit and improve Wikipedia articles on health-related issues, as well as internal quality control programs within Wikipedia organized by James Heilman to improve a group of health-related articles of central medical importance up to Wikipedia's highest standard of articles using its Featured Article and Good Article peer-review evaluation process.[] In a May 7,follow-up article in The Atlantic titled "Can Wikipedia Ever Be a Definitive Medical Text?", Julie Beck quotes WikiProject Medicine's James Heilman as stating: "Just because a reference is peer-reviewed doesn't mean it's a high-quality reference."[] Beck added that: "Wikipedia has its own peer review process before articles can be classified as 'good' or 'featured'. Heilman, who has participated in that process before, says 'less than one percent' of Wikipedia's medical articles have passed."[]

    Quality of writing

    Screenshot of English Wikipedia's article on Earth, a featured-class article

    In a mention of Jimmy Wales, Time magazine stated that the policy of allowing anyone to edit had made Wikipedia the "biggest (and perhaps best) encyclopedia in the world".[]

    Inresearchers at Carnegie Mellon University found that the quality of a Wikipedia article would suffer rather than gain from adding more writers when the article lacked appropriate explicit or implicit coordination.[] For instance, when contributors rewrite small portions of an entry rather than making full-length revisions, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs and low-quality content may be intermingled within an entry. Roy Rosenzweig, a history professor, stated that American National Biography Online outperformed Wikipedia in terms of its "clear and engaging prose", which, he said, was an important aspect of good historical writing.[] Contrasting Wikipedia's treatment of Abraham Lincoln to that of Civil War historian James McPherson in American National Biography Online, he said that both were essentially accurate and covered the major episodes in Lincoln's life, but praised "McPherson's richer contextualization&#; his artful use of quotations to capture Lincoln's voice&#; and&#; his ability to convey a profound message in a handful of words." By contrast, he gives an example of Wikipedia's prose that he finds "both verbose and dull". Rosenzweig also criticized the "waffling—encouraged by the NPOV policy—[which] means that it is hard to discern any overall interpretive stance in Wikipedia history". While generally praising the article on William Clarke Quantrill, he quoted its conclusion as an example of such "waffling", which then stated: "Some historians&#; remember him as an opportunistic, bloodthirsty outlaw, while others continue to view him as a daring soldier and local folk hero."[]

    Other critics have made similar charges that, even if Wikipedia articles are factually accurate, they are often written in a poor, almost unreadable style. Frequent Wikipedia critic Andrew Orlowski commented, "Even when a Wikipedia entry is percent factually correct, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, and those facts have been carefully chosen, it all too often reads as if it has been translated from one language to another then into a third, passing an illiterate translator at each stage."[] A study of Wikipedia articles on cancer was conducted in by Yaacov Lawrence of the Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University. The study was limited to those articles that could be found in the Physician Data Query and excluded those written at the "start" class or "stub" class level. Lawrence found the articles accurate but not very readable, and thought that "Wikipedia's lack of readability (to non-college readers) may reflect its varied origins and haphazard editing".[]The Economist argued that better-written articles tend to be more reliable: "inelegant or ranting prose usually reflects muddled thoughts and incomplete information".[]

    Coverage of topics and systemic bias

    See also: Notability in the English Wikipedia and Criticism of Wikipedia §&#;Systemic bias in coverage

    Ambox current mlbjerseyschina.usTorrent Archives - Malik Softs width="42" height="34">

    Parts of this article (those related to d:Wikidata:Statistics/Wikipedia) need to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(March )

    Wikipedia seeks to create a summary of all human knowledge in the form of an online encyclopedia, with Torrent Archives - Malik Softs topic covered encyclopedically in one article. Since it has terabytes of disk space, it can have far more topics than can be covered by any printed encyclopedia.[] The exact degree and manner of coverage on Wikipedia is under constant review by its editors, and disagreements are not uncommon (see deletionism and inclusionism).[][] Wikipedia contains materials that some people may find objectionable, offensive, or pornographic. The "Wikipedia is not censored" policy has sometimes proved controversial: inWikipedia rejected an online petition against the inclusion of images of Muhammad in the English edition of its Muhammad article, citing this policy. The presence of politically, religiously, and pornographically sensitive materials in Wikipedia has led to the censorship of Wikipedia by national authorities in China[] and Pakistan,[] amongst other countries.

    A study conducted by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Palo Alto Research Center gave a distribution of topics as well as growth (from July to January ) in each field:[]

    • Culture and Arts: 30% (%)
    • Biographies and persons: 15% (97%)
    • Geography and places: 14% (52%)
    • Society and social sciences: 12% (83%)
    • History and events: 11% (%)
    • Natural and Physical Sciences: 9% (%)
    • Technology and Applied Science: 4% (−6%)
    • Religions and belief systems: 2% (38%)
    • Health: 2% (42%)
    • Mathematics and logic: 1% (%)
    • Thought and Philosophy: 1% (%)

    These numbers refer only to the number of articles: it is possible for one topic to contain a large number of short articles and another to contain a small number of large ones. Through its "Wikipedia Loves Libraries" program, Wikipedia has partnered with major public libraries such as the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts to expand its coverage of underrepresented subjects and articles.[]

    A study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota indicated that male and female editors focus on different coverage topics, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs. There was a greater concentration of females in the "people and arts" category, while males focus more on "geography and science".[]

    Coverage of topics and selection bias

    Research conducted by Mark Graham of the Oxford Internet Institute in indicated that the geographic distribution of article topics is highly uneven. Africa is the most underrepresented.[] Across 30 language editions of Wikipedia, historical articles and sections are generally Eurocentric and focused on recent events.[]

    An editorial in The Guardian in claimed that more effort went into providing references for a list of female porn actors than a list of women writers.[] Data has also shown that Africa-related material often faces omission; a knowledge gap that a July Wikimedia conference in Cape Town sought to address.[]

    Systemic biases

    When multiple editors contribute to one topic or set of topics, systemic bias may arise, due to the demographic backgrounds of the editors. InWales claimed that the unevenness of coverage is a reflection of the demography of the editors, citing for example "biographies of famous women through history and issues surrounding early childcare".[48] The October 22,essay by Tom Simonite in MIT's Technology Review titled "The Decline of Wikipedia" discussed the effect of systemic bias and policy creep on the downward trend in the number of editors.[49]

    Systemic bias on Wikipedia may follow that of culture generally,[vague] for example favoring certain nationalities, ethnicities or majority religions.[] It may more specifically follow the biases of Internet culture, inclining to be young, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, male, English-speaking, educated, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, technologically aware, and wealthy enough to spare time for editing. Biases, intrinsically, may include an overemphasis on topics such as pop culture, technology, and current events.[]

    Taha Yasseri of the University of Oxford, instudied the statistical trends of systemic bias at Wikipedia introduced by Torrent Archives - Malik Softs conflicts and their resolution.[][] His research examined the counterproductive work behavior of edit warring. Yasseri contended that simple reverts or "undo" operations were not the most significant measure of counterproductive behavior at Torrent Archives - Malik Softs and relied instead on the statistical measurement of detecting "reverting/reverted pairs" or "mutually reverting edit pairs". Such a "mutually reverting edit pair" is defined where one editor reverts the edit of another editor who then, in sequence, returns to revert the first editor in the "mutually reverting edit pairs". The results were tabulated for several language versions of Wikipedia. The English Wikipedia's three largest conflict rates belonged to the articles George W. Bush, anarchism, and Muhammad.[] By comparison, for the German Wikipedia, the three largest conflict rates at the time of the Oxford study were for the articles covering Croatia, Scientology, and 9/11 conspiracy theories.[]

    Researchers from Washington University developed a statistical model to measure systematic bias in the behavior of Wikipedia's users regarding controversial topics. The authors focused on behavioral changes of the encyclopedia's administrators after assuming the post, writing that systematic bias occurred after the fact.[][]

    Explicit content

    See also: Internet Watch Foundation and Wikipedia and Reporting of child pornography images on Wikimedia Commons

    "Wikipedia censorship" redirects here. For the government censorship of Wikipedia, see Censorship of Wikipedia. For Wikipedia's policy concerning censorship, see Wikipedia:Wikipedia is not censored

    Wikipedia has been criticized for allowing information about graphic content. Articles depicting what some critics have called objectionable content (such as feces, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, cadaver, human penis, vulva, and nudity) contain graphic pictures and detailed information easily available to anyone with access to the internet, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, including children.

    The site also includes sexual content such as images and videos of masturbation and ejaculation, illustrations of zoophilia, and Torrent Archives - Malik Softs from hardcore pornographic films in its articles. It also has non-sexual photographs of nude children.

    The Wikipedia article about Virgin Killer—a album from the GermanrockbandScorpions—features a picture of the album's original cover, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, which depicts a naked prepubescent girl. The original release cover caused controversy and was replaced in some countries. In Decemberaccess to the Wikipedia article Virgin Killer was blocked for four days by most Internet service providers in the United Kingdom after the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) decided the album cover was a potentially illegal indecent image and added the article's URL to a "blacklist" it supplies to British internet service providers.[]

    In AprilSanger wrote a letter to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, outlining his concerns that Torrent Archives - Malik Softs categories of images on Wikimedia Commons contained child pornography, and were in violation of US federal obscenity law.[][] Sanger later clarified that the images, which were related to pedophilia and one about lolicon, were not of real children, but said that they constituted "obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children", under the PROTECT Act of [] That law bans photographic child pornography and cartoon images and drawings of children that are obscene under American law.[] Sanger also expressed concerns about access Torrent Archives - Malik Softs the images on Wikipedia in schools.[]Wikimedia Foundation spokesman Jay Walsh strongly rejected Sanger's accusation,[] saying that Wikipedia did not have "material we would deem to be illegal. If we did, we would remove it."[] Following the complaint by Sanger, Wales deleted sexual images without consulting the community. After some editors who volunteer to maintain the site argued that the decision to delete had been made hastily, Wales voluntarily gave up some of the powers he had held up to that time as part of his co-founder status. He wrote in a message to the Wikimedia Foundation mailing-list that this action was "in the interest of encouraging this discussion to be about real philosophical/content issues, rather than be about me and how quickly I acted".[] Critics, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, including Wikipediocracy, noticed that many of the pornographic images deleted from Wikipedia since have reappeared.[]

    Privacy

    One privacy concern in the case of Torrent Archives - Malik Softs is the right of a private citizen to remain a "private citizen" rather than a "public figure" in the eyes of the law.[][note 6] It is a battle between the right to be anonymous in cyberspace and the right to be anonymous in real life ("meatspace"). A particular problem occurs in the case of a relatively unimportant individual and for whom there exists a Wikipedia page against her or his wishes.

    In Januarya German court ordered the German Wikipedia shut down within Germany because it stated the full name of Boris Floricic, aka "Tron", a deceased hacker. On February 9,the injunction against Wikimedia Deutschland was overturned, with the court rejecting the notion that Tron's right to privacy or that of his parents was being violated.[]

    Wikipedia has Torrent Archives - Malik Softs "Volunteer Response Team" that uses Znuny, a free and open-source software fork of OTRS[] to handle queries without having to reveal the identities of the involved parties. This is used, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, for example, in confirming the permission for using individual images and other media in the project.[]

    Sexism

    Main article: Gender bias on Wikipedia

    Wikipedia was described in as harboring a battleground culture of sexism and harassment.[][]

    The perceived toxic attitudes and tolerance of violent and abusive language were reasons put forth in for the gender gap in Wikipedia editorship.[]

    Edit-a-thons have been held to encourage female editors and increase the coverage of women's topics.[]

    A comprehensive survey, published infound significant gender differences in: confidence in expertise, discomfort with editing, and response to critical feedback. "Women reported less confidence in their expertise, expressed greater discomfort with editing (which typically involves conflict), and reported more negative responses to critical feedback compared to men."[]

    Operation

    Wikimedia Foundation and Wikimedia movement affiliates

    Main article: Wikimedia Foundation

    Wikipedia is hosted and funded by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization which also operates Wikipedia-related projects such as Wiktionary and Wikibooks. The foundation relies on public contributions and grants to fund its mission.[] The foundation's IRS Form shows revenue of $&#;million and expenses of almost $29&#;million, with assets of $&#;million and liabilities of about $&#;million.[]

    In MayWikimedia Foundation named Lila Tretikov as its second executive director, taking over for Sue Gardner.[] The Wall Street Journal reported on May 1,that Tretikov's information technology background from her years at University of California offers Wikipedia an opportunity to develop in more concentrated directions guided by her often repeated position statement that, "Information, like air, wants to be free."[][] The same Wall Street Journal article reported these directions of development according to an interview with spokesman Jay Walsh of Wikimedia, who "said Tretikov would address that issue (paid advocacy) as a priority. 'We are really pushing toward more transparency&#; We are reinforcing that paid advocacy is Torrent Archives - Malik Softs welcome.' Initiatives to involve greater diversity of contributors, better mobile support of Wikipedia, new geo-location tools to find local content more easily, and more tools for users in the second and third world are also priorities," Walsh said.[]

    Following the departure of Tretikov from Wikipedia due to issues concerning the use of the "superprotection" feature which some language versions of Wikipedia have adopted, Katherine Maher became the third executive director of the Wikimedia Foundation in June [] Maher has stated that one of her priorities would be the issue of editor harassment endemic to Wikipedia as identified by the Wikipedia board in December. Maher stated regarding the harassment issue that: "It establishes a sense within the community that this is a priority&#; (and that correction requires that) it has to be more than words."[]

    Wikipedia is also supported by many organizations and groups that are affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation but independently-run, called Wikimedia movement affiliates. These include Wikimedia chapters (which are national or sub-national organizations, such as Wikimedia Deutschland and Wikimédia France), thematic organizations (such as Amical Wikimedia for the Catalan language community), and user groups. These affiliates Octoplus FRP Tool v1.3.7.1 Archives in the promotion, development, and funding of Wikipedia.

    Software operations and support

    See also: MediaWiki

    The operation of Wikipedia depends on MediaWiki, a custom-made, free and open sourcewiki software platform written in PHP and built upon the MySQL database system.[] The software incorporates programming features such as a macro language, variables, a transclusion system for templates, and URL redirection. MediaWiki is licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL) and it is used by all Wikimedia Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, as well as many other wiki projects. Originally, Wikipedia ran on UseModWiki Torrent Archives - Malik Softs in Perl by Clifford Adams (Phase I), which initially required CamelCase for article hyperlinks; the present double bracket style was incorporated later. Starting in January (Phase II), Wikipedia began running on a PHP wiki engine with a MySQL database; this software was custom-made for Wikipedia by Magnus Manske. The Phase II software was repeatedly modified to accommodate the exponentially increasing demand. In July (Phase III), Wikipedia shifted to the third-generation software, MediaWiki, originally written by Lee Daniel Crocker.

    Several MediaWiki extensions are installed[] to extend the functionality of the MediaWiki software.

    In Aprila Lucene extension[][] was added to MediaWiki's built-in search and Wikipedia switched from MySQL to Lucene for searching. Lucene was later replaced by CirrusSearch which is based on Elasticsearch.[]

    In Julyafter extensive beta testing, a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) extension, VisualEditor, was opened to public use.[][][][] It was met with much rejection and criticism, and was described as "slow and buggy".[] The feature was changed from opt-out to opt-in afterward.

    Automated editing

    Main article: Wikipedia bots

    Computer programs called bots have often been used to perform simple and repetitive tasks, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, such as correcting common misspellings and stylistic issues, or to start articles such as geography entries in a standard format from statistical data.[][][] One controversial contributor, Sverker Johansson, creating articles with his bot was reported to create up to 10, articles on the Swedish Wikipedia on certain days.[] Additionally, there are bots designed to automatically notify editors when they make common editing errors (such as unmatched quotes or unmatched parentheses).[] Edits falsely identified by bots as the work of a banned editor can be restored by other editors. An anti-vandal bot is programmed to detect and revert vandalism quickly.[] Bots are able to indicate edits from particular accounts or IP address ranges, as occurred at the time of the shooting down of the MH17 jet incident in July when it was reported that edits were made via IPs controlled by the Russian government.[] Bots on Wikipedia must be approved before activation.[]

    According to Andrew Lih, the current expansion of Wikipedia to millions of articles would be difficult to envision without the use of such bots.[]

    Hardware operations and support

    See also: Wikimedia Foundation §&#;Hardware

    Wikipedia receives between 25, and 60,page requests per second, depending on the time of the day.[][needs update] As of ,[update] page requests are first passed to a front-end layer of Varnish caching servers and back-end layer caching is done by Apache Traffic Server.[]

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    iSpring Suite includes a tool called Visuals which helps you create interactive timelines and three other types of interactions. The timeline tool is just a small part of the powerful capabilities included in iSpring Suite authoring toolkit. iSpring Suite Torrent Archives - Malik Softs you to create interactive timelines with images, audio, and video. You can add hyperlinks, record voice overs, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, and divide your timeline into periods.

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    • Tiki-Toki is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in by Alex Kearns

    • It is a web app, Windows software, and a Mac app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a CSV

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    Creately is an online visual workspace for team collaboration. It offers an infinite canvas for teams to work together on planning, brainstorming or designing anything using drawings, text, visuals and diagrams. Creately supports over 50 diagram types including timeline diagrams, flowcharts, mind-maps, org charts, UML and database designs, network diagrams, Gantt charts and business process diagrams. It also comes with over s of pre-made templates that are free to use.

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    6)ReadWriteThink

    ReadWriteThink is a free timeline software that allows students to create a graphical representation of an event or process by displaying items sequentially along a line.

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    • It was launched in by Jaanus Vihand and Heinar Ojala

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    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
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    • Sutori is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in by Thomas Ketchell

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    • It was launched by Bob Thomas

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    • It was launched in

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    • You can download your timeline as a HTML

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    • Dropbox Paper is for professional and personal use
    • It was launched in

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    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
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    • TimeToast is for personal use
    • It was launched in by Daniel Todd

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    • It supports date ranges
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    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Aeon Timeline is for professional and personal use
    • It was launched in by Matthew Tobin

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    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
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    • Time Graphics is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in by Eugene Mustfinn

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    17)Teachnology Timeline Generator

    A bare bones timeline generator that lets you create a timeline with up to 6 events.

    The Teachnology timeline generator is free.

    18)Timeline 3D

    Timeline 3D is an excellent application that makes it easy to create your own timelines for any subject, whether it's family photos, a moment in history, or even to remind you of a series of meetings and work related events. Timeline 3D makes the process very easy by enabling you to create interactive timelines that you can view on your Mac and even mobile devices such as iPhone, iPad, and Android phones. To navigate Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, use the arrow keys or your Apple Remote.

    Timeline 3D is free to use.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Timeline 3D is for professional and personal use
    • It was launched in by Adam Behringer

    • It is a Mac app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF

    19)Office Timeline

    Office Timeline is an award winning, PowerPoint timeline maker for professionals who need a better way to make and present project plans, Gantt charts and timelines to their staff, management and clients. With the Office Timeline Project Managers, Marketers, Consultants, IT Professionals, and Knowledge Workers easily design and create graphical project slides in PowerPoint.

    Office Timeline has a free edition. The Plus edition requires yearly licensing fees: Individual (1 user) licensing is $49/year, the Twin Pack (for 2 people) is $89/year, and the Business Pack (up to 5 companies) costs $/year.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Office Timeline is for professional use
    • It was launched in by Eddy Malik and Tim Stumbles

    • It is Windows software
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF and XLS

    20)Event Viewpoint

    Event Viewpoint is a free timeline maker to help track photos, videos and life events. It provides an interactive timeline where you can zoom, drag, search and preview events. You can create events and share them with friends, keep them private, or publish them to the world.

    Event Viewpoint is a free service.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Event Viewpoint is for personal and education use
    • It was launched in by Luisz Bobirca

    • It is a web app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a XML and JSON

    21)SmartDraw

    SmartDraw timeline diagrams present events during specific intervals shown chronologically along a line. These events may be historic, related to a specific criminal case or business development, or they may be important milestones in a project. Timelines are designed to provide a broad overview of a sequence of events in time. They don't go into detail, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, but links to events, information and images may be added as needed.

    SmartDraw's Standard package costs $, its Business package is $ and its Enterprise edition is available for $

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • SmartDraw is for professional use
    • It was launched in by Paul Stannard (CEO)

    • It is a web app and Windows software
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF

    22)SoftSchools Timeline Maker

    A very simple web app that lets you create a basic timeline.

    SoftSchool's timeline maker is free to use.

    23)Edraw Timeline

    Edraw Max can be applied as an easy vector timeline software with rich examples and templates. It has the tools to make it easy to create a professional-looking timeline, history, schedules, timetables and PERT diagram.

    Free Timeline is simple yet very powerful - it allows entry of both events and time periods; it scales automatically; it color-codes collapsible timeline groups; it also supports links and images. It can export to PDF, PowerPoint, Word and Graphics.

    If you're looking for a great vertical timeline maker, this is the one for you.

    Edraw timeline is free to download and try. A 3 year license costs $, a lifetime license costs $, and subscription license (yearly) costs $99 for the first year and $69 per year to renew thereafter.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Edraw Timeline is for professional and personal use
    • It is Windows software and a Mac app
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF, SVG or EPS

    24)Liniaa

    Liniaa is a timeline software to create a personal timeline and see all your life's memories at a glance. It's an online tool that lets you document and showcase your personal life along a horizontal timeline. You can share with others or keep it all private. Works great for documenting your children growing up, but also for the history of your club or organization.

    liniaa is free to try (1 timeline). Basic membership costs $22/year and allows you to create 3 timelines, Premium membership costs $33/year with 10 timelines and Pro plan is $66/year with up to 50 timelines.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Liniaa is for personal use
    • It is a web app
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop

    25)Twile

    Twile is a timeline of everything that's ever happened in your family. Pull together all of your family's memories, photos and stories in the same place. Import your family history to automatically create a visual timeline and then share it privately with the rest of your family.

    Twile is free to try for up to 10 timelines. Premium membership is $/year and Family membership costs $/year offers unlimited timelines, photos and events.

    26)LucidChart Timeline Maker

    Lucid Chart's Timeline Maker makes it easy for students and educators to produce powerful visual aids. Make a timeline to better understand the chronology of historical events and how they relate. You can even use it to map out your next storyline. Our timeline software brings visual thinking to any learning process.

    Lucid Chart's Basic membership is $/month, Pro (single user) membership is $/month and Team (for 3 users) membership is available for $20 per month.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • LucidChart Timeline Maker is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in by Karl Sun

    • It is a web app
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop

    27)Vizzlo

    Vizzlo allows you to create charts, infographics, and business visualizations. Make timelines, charts, maps for presentations, documents, or the Web.

    Vizzlo has a free membership. Premium membership costs $11 per month and business (for teams) membership is available for $15 per month.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Vizzlo is for professional and personal use
    • It was launched in by Hendrik Schulze and Robert Lillack

    • It is a web app
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It does not support date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF and SVG

    28)Histropedia

    Histropedia transforms Wikipedia data into interactive timelines that anyone can edit. The vision behind Histropedia is to combine the work being done by Wikipedia with community collaboration to create the world's first timeline for all of history.

    Histropedia is free to use.

    29)Free Timeline

    Free Timeline allows you to create, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, save, and share simple timelines.

    Free Timeline is (you guessed it) free to use.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Free Timeline is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in by Marko Medenica

    • It is a web app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a PDF

    30)RFFlow

    RFFlow is a diagraming tool that allows you to create timelines and many other types of charts.

    RFFlow offers a free downloadable trial version. 4 user licenses cost $34 each, 5 to 24 user license costs $26 each, 25 to 99 user license costs $18 each and and up users licensing costs $12 each.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • RFFlow is for professional, personal, and educational use
    • It was launched in

    • It is Windows software
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a GIF, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, JPEG, HTML, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs or BMP

    31)Our TimeLines

    Our Timelines is a website that allows you to enter events and it will combine them into a timeline with other important events during a specific timeline period.

    Our Timelines is free to use.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Our TimeLines is for educational use
    • It was launched in by Ben Williams

    • It is a web app
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop

    32)ChronoFlo

    ChronoFlo is a web-based timeline maker created by the Alex Kearns (who also created the TikiToki). It lets you create interactive timelines with multiple ways to embed media (images, videos, etc) onto the timeline.

    ChronoFlo has a free plan that lets you create 1 timeline with up to 50 events. There's also a Bronze plan ($10/month) that supports 5 timelines with up to events, Torrent Archives - Malik Softs, and a Silver plan ($/month) that supports up to 25 timelines and up to 1, events per timeline.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • ChronoFlo is for personal and educational use
    • It was launched in by Alex Kearns

    • It is a web app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop

    33)Wrike's Dynamic Timeline

    Wrike's Dynamic Timeline turns your emails into tasks and interactive timelines. Dynamic Timeline is a visual tool that gives you a real-time, birds-eye view of a project.

    Wrike's timeline is free to try. Professional membership is $/user per month billed annually, Business Torrent Archives - Malik Softs is $/user/month billed annually and Marketers package is $/user/month billed annually.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Wrike's Dynamic Timeline is for professional use
    • It was launched in by Andrew Filev

    • It is a web app and a mobile app
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It supports date ranges
    • It allows drag and drop
    • You can download your timeline as a XLS

    34)mlbjerseyschina.us

    An intentional Torrent Archives - Malik Softs app that shows you a zoomed-out view of your whole life at once, to help you chart storylines and create meaning.

    mlbjerseyschina.us is free to use, but Torrent Archives - Malik Softs with some low-cost add-ons such as making it easy to quickly see what was happening in your life at any point in the past on Instagram for only $5/year.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • mlbjerseyschina.us is for personal use
    • It was launched in by Chad Ostrowski and Briana Morgan

    • It is a web app
    • It does not support showing images on the timeline
    • It does not support date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop

    35)Kronoli

    Kronoli lets you create timelines that can be shared and mixed with other timelines.

    Kronoli is a free service.

    • Website: mlbjerseyschina.us
    • Kronoli is for personal and educational use
    • It was launched in by Andy Lee

    • It is a web app
    • It supports showing images on the timeline
    • It does not support date ranges
    • It does not allow drag and drop
    Источник: [mlbjerseyschina.us]

    A Review of Gelatin Source Authentication Methods

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    Источник: [mlbjerseyschina.us]
    Torrent Archives - Malik Softs

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    Enter Password for The Encrypted Files - 2020 - Rao Kamran Zaib Vlogs

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